Use the Tool that Works Best
From Jacques Derrida’s “Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences”:
“...the other choice—which I feel corresponds more nearly to the way chosen by Lévi-Strauss—consists in conserving in the field of empirical discovery all these old concepts, while at the time exposing here and there their limits, treating them as tools which can still be of use. No longer is any truth-value attributed to them; there is a readiness to abandon them if necessary if other instruments should appear more useful” (357).
I liked Derrida’s willingness to accept different ways of thinking, yet at the same time his critique of them. In a sense what he is doing is the same thing we are doing. We are to read about, apply, and consider the usefulness of the different schools of criticism. Once we have tried them out ourselves, we are free to decide: which schools works better than another, which ones work well combined together, and which ones just don’t seem very effective. Derrida does add the additional layer that “no longer is any truth-value attributed to them,” but nonetheless, Derrida does not simply garbage anything as useless. He considers their positioning in relation to the whole and if they do not work, then he will “abandon them,” but he still views them “as tools which can still be of use,” even if in one situation they did not work.
Read more on Derrida’s article.