We're All to Blame
First off, I had no idea that W.E.B. Du Bois lived to be so old. I like history, but I was never really into the Civil War and the periods after it. Anyhoo, this is from his book, "The Souls of Black Folk."
" In his failure to realize and impress this last point, Mr. Washington is especially to be criticised. His doctrine has tended to make the whites, North and South, shift the burden of the Negro problem to the Negro's shoulders and stand aside as critical and rather pessimistic spectators; when in fact the burden belongs to the nation, and the hands of none of us are clean if we bend not our energies to righting these great wrongs" (para. 25).
Du Bois certainly doesn't pull any punches in his essays. Booker T. Washington was more about criticizing his own race than everyone. I think I have to agree with Du Bois though, in order for change to happen, everyone has to be involved.