October 31, 2007

Make Criminals Accept Responsibilty

When I began sending out resumes, I was determined to stay as far away from Philadelphia as possible. I wanted to stay in the Pittsburgh/Greensburg area. I loved Philadelphia but living in Greensburg for four opened my eyes to many negative things that occur in Philadelphia, especially crime. Unfortunately, Philadelphia is a much bigger city than Pittsburgh and a lot easier to find employment. Now, that I am back in Philadelphia I am once again beginning to become numb to exactly how dangerous our city is and will continue to be for a very long time. I am not going to provide links in this blog because if you do a simple google search, all of my statements can be supported with articles that were published in the Philadelphia local newspapers.

Today, something very tragic happened in Philadelphia. A police officer was shot in the head and is currently listed in "extremely critical condition". During the year, Philly cops have shot and killed some people in the Philadelphia area and most of the suspects families blamed the cops. They claim, "He was just a boy, just a kid." Do they realize that is is those "kids" that are making our city dangerous? Do they know that that "boy" is not listening to the police when they tell him to pull over/drop the car/put down the knife?" Do they realize that it is those "kids" that is making the police officer feel that their lives and our lives are in danger everyday?

Our "GREAT" mayor, John Street, has no plan; he's the worst thing that ever happened to Philly. Listen to his new conferences, he continues to state the same thing: "there are too many guns, we need more gun laws." Street, get over it. Getting a law passed, is not helping! We need a plan NOW. There are other people, such as, Reverend Al Sharpton. Sharpton only comments on the crime in Philadelphia when it involves a white person harming a black person. He does not comment on the crime in Philly. He does not try to make the people of Philadelphia united, he continues to divide the community. Also, I would like to know, why black people claim that white people are the racists? The black community are the people that call for "10,000 black men to patrol the streets of Philly". If anything, it sounds like they are excluding whites from helping out or supported any project that they organize. I'm sure Al Sharpton is proud : )

Our murder rate is so high, our focus should be to stop ALL murders. Statistics in Philadelphia show that African American males (18-24) commit the most murders against other black males. It is not whites shooting blacks and vice versa. People need to quit making excuses and realize that our city is not safe, regardless of our color.

The bottom line is, Philadelphia murder rate is going to have many negative impacts on the city. For example, I am beginning to send resumes to other parts of the state; I want to get as far away from this corrupted, crime-filled, racist city that I can. I want to live in an environment where I can actually see the front of someone's house without it being surrounded by metal bars/cages. I want to be able to smile at the person walking down the street, without worrying about if he's going to try to mug/rape me. I want to enjoy life, not fear it.

One look at Philadelphia's high school drop-out rate will make people all over the world realize why Philadelphia is in a crime emergency. People are not educated; they don't realized the there is life outside of the city. They don't care if they die because they have nothing to live for. They do not respect themselves so I don't know why we expect they to respect others, especially authority. Don't you know...Cops are out to get them? The white cops want to shoot the black teenagers, isn't that right Rev. Sharpton? Ah...now I see clearly, Philadelphia's problem is racism, which is why 85% of the murders are blacks killing blacks. Sharpton, if you care so much about the black community, why don't you focus on all of the murders that they are commiting against their own race? Why don't you make them feel like their live is valuable?

Silly me, I understand you want to take the easy way out, who doesn't? Thanks Sharpton, your teaching US all a great lesson...Don't take responsibilty for your actions, blame it on someone else or some other underlining cause. I'm glad we had this conversation... Now, I have to go and make sure that all 3 of the locks on my doors and locked and the alarm is on... I love Philadelphia! Let's hope that I am, and the people I love, are the ones that make it out alive : )

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May 5, 2007

B.P. Three

Overall, I think that Literary Criticism took me some time to understand. I think that the concepts and theories were difficult to comprehend. As the course is near completion, I do feel like I actually understand every theory that we have discussed and I understadn how it all ties in with how we study literature.

Continue reading "B.P. Three"
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April 26, 2007


Garson, 'Bodily Harm" Keats's Figures in the 'Ode on a Grecian Urn''' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Apostrophe is an address to the absent as if present, the inanimate as if animate; a rhetorical question is one which no answer is expected. These are figures of power" (453).

Garson pays close attention to the grammer in Keats's poem. She takes all of the punctuation and somehow brings up a good argument. At times, she seems to both praise and negatively criticize Keat's poem. She also tried to claim that "the ode arouses two kinds of generic expectations..." I def. agree that the two she listed do exist but I feel the ode may arouse many more expectations...

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Hidden Clues

Garson, 'Bodily Harm" Keats's Figures in the 'Ode on a Grecian Urn''' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Apostrophe is an address to the absent as if present, the inanimate as if animate; a rhetorical question is one which no answer is expected. These are figures of power" (453).

Garson pays close attention to the grammer in Keats's poem. She takes all of the punctuation and somehow brings up a good argument. At times, she seems to both praise and negatively criticize Keat's poem. She also tried to claim that "the ode arouses two kinds of generic expectations..." I def. agree that the two she listed do exist but I feel the ode may arouse many more expectations...

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History Has To Be Studied

Barker and Hulme, ''Nymphs and Reapers Heavily Vanish'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Our essay too must engage in the discursive struggle that determines the history within which the Shakespearean texts will be located and red: it matters what kind of history that is" (449).

This quote was meaningful to me because Hulme and Barker's essay was based upon their study of The Tempest. I have spent much time studying The Tempest and I think their criticism of The Tempest . They had brought up many valid points and it is crucial to understand Shakespeare's time and the history of his culture because it will allow us to better understand our past and future history.

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April 19, 2007

Ideal Viewers of Children's Cartoons

Term Project -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Kids today are born into a media-saturated environment, so they're starting young with screen time"

Iser’s theory of the implied (ideal) reader “is a transcendental model which makes it possible for the structured effects of literary texts to be described” (Keesey 147). He goes on to claim that the “concept of the implies (ideal) reader offers a means of describing the process whereby textual structures are transmuted through ideational activities into personal experiences. So if we were to try and create an implied (ideal) viewer for children’s television where would one start. I imagine that the personal experiences would not come from the viewers themselves. There would not be enough prior knowledge for the viewer to try and understand in order to comprehend the material playing out before them. Instead, this idea would come from the creators of the shows. They would be this idea of an implied (ideal) viewer. They would have to use their own experiences to create the viewer themselves. This would be completely subconscious. There are times in all programming where the material seems to go over the heads of the child and fall into the lap of the adult. Through their use of intertextuality the material may seem beyond the intended viewer; though this may be a way to open the viewers mind to new topics. If the implied(ideal) viewer is infact the subconscious of the creators then of course there is going to that moment where the material may seem a bit mature, or too much for the actual audience, but that is just the reflection of the implied(ideal) viewer.

This idea of an ideal viewer would be proposed from the standpoint of the creatures of the programming. This leads us to a more mature adult standpoint, not the innocent point of view of a child. Which leads to the question then, is the ideal viewer really the ideal viewer for children’s programming. (We) state no. Look at the popular children’s shows of today - Blues clues: a grown man who talks to tables, salt and pepper and a dog. He is trying to figure out the clues by following the directions of the audience(children) but does a poor job of doing so, since it takes 2-3 times for him to finally understand what the children is saying.

Children cartoon creators are very well aware of the fact that adults and children are going to be watching their programs. They have a very hard job because they somehow have to keep both the parents and the children entertained. There is no doubt cartoons like, Tom and Jerry are targeted to young children, but they also included adult references that would go over a child’s head.

“So the various kinds of reader-response critics find much to argue about. But they agree on one main point: since the “poem” exists only when the reader (however defined) encounters the text, literary criticism must focus on that encounter” (Keesey 138). Since we are not reading literature, but rather watching it we will make the claim that: Children cartoon creators have the intention to keep both the child and the parent entertained. Should cartoon creators be held responsible for everything that they include in their episode? Are they teaching your children or are you? Children could only get so much out of what they are watching because they do not have the awareness that they need to make everything become understandable. Sometimes, parents and adults seem to get that confused because they are not looking at the cartoon through a child’s eyes. It is important to note that we can not protect our children from everything and we should prepare them for the future and alert them of some problems that they may become faced with during their childhood.

For example, in August 2006, Turner Broadcasting announced that they were reviewing thousands of old Hanna-Barbara cartoons, which include The Flintstones, Tom and Jerry, the Jetsons, and Scooby-Doo, to delete any scene that glamorized smoking. We note that in, Tom and Jerry, smoking usually appears in a stylized manner and is frequently not condoned” (Riedemann). This seems a bit extreme because they are trying to erase history. Children need to also understand that people learn from their mistakes. Can companies like Turner Broadcasting censor out every violent act as they plan on doing to the scenes filled with smoking? We have to have a limit and realize that we can not protect our children from everything! If a cartoon has a sexual reference or a derogatory statement that they can not understand – maybe the cartoon creators put it in for the parents, so you do not get bored. “When watching Tom and Jerry, expect to be entertained. Dating from an era of active media censorship, the series is clever, daring, and filled with unlimited subliminal messages -- grown-up viewers will definitely enjoy looking back and finally grasping all the references they missed as kids” (Sheppard)

Examples of Today’s Cartoons:

Dora and Diego are young children left alone in the forest by themselves. They can not even figure out how to follow directions by looking at a map in front of them. These shows do have some positive aspects to them, but there overall structure should be a little alarming to the parents of the children who watch them. The fact that both the shows rely on the help of the audience can be both positive and negative. Positive in they allow the child viewing the program to feel apart of the show but negative because it doesn’t allow for wrong responses. It just assumes the child is responding correctly. There is no explanation as to why the answers are right or wrong.

Then looking at the Wonder Pets you get a show about animals that go out to help other(s) animals. The show stresses the importance of team work, cooper5ation, and problem solving. They do not rely on outside sources (the viewer) to help them, but they do explain why the make the decisions they make. The big difference between the 2 shows mentioned first and the 2 shows we mentioned last are the way the shows deliver their message. The first 2 don’t explain enough and they take their audience for granted. That is one of the problems with children’s shows period. The creators don’t take the audience into account enough. They assume too little or too much of the audience. Where the second 2 shows don’t take too much for granted, they open the door for further discussion between the audience (children) and their parents. These shows take their audience seriously enough to project smart entertaining material.

When you switch to shows like the Backyardagins and the Wonder Pets you get a more functional child program. You have 5 children who live next door, who go on grand explorations all over the world/galaxy/and time periods. But they do it through their own imagination; they never leave the protection of the families. They learn how to share and how to construct ideas with the help of one another. They do not allow the fact they some of their yards are fenced in to stop them from playing with one another. They do not talk to imaginary objects, or rely on the audience to pull them out of trouble. They tackle the task at hand. This show also opens the door to discuss new ideas with your child, Shakespeare.

Link to Myspace Page:


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April 12, 2007

Miko's Ideas on The Tempest

Miko, ''Tempest'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

The meaning of Miko’s essay was to explore the interpretations that critics were able to draw upon using the words of the text in The Tempest. Miko acknowledges the interpretations and then goes on to say “the multiplicity and possible deliberate inconclusiveness of Shakespeare’s last plays.” The Tempest is a play that is “neither tragic, nor comic; it is skeptical, yet genial” (376).
Miko is going to give us his theory on what Shakespeare possibly did or did not intend to mean when he was writing his play. He believes that many critics fill the gaps in Shakespeare’s play with religious theories. They want to find the answers and at times, draw upon any moral or ethical references to support their ideas and answer the questions that have been raised.
Miko pays an awful lot of attention to the magic that the magician is using in order to create a “new world.” It may be possible that Shakespeare made the family’s location deliberate. He also claims that Shakespeare’s play can not be read as just a play because there are entirely too many symbolic references. Shakespeare meant, according to Miko, to experiment and demonstrate the limits of poetic justice, symbolic neatness, and “resolved” endings for plays.
Miko believes that The Tempest has loose ends, which is a valid argument. It seems to me that the reason why Miko finds examples of loose ends in the characters reflections or the characters call for help or forgiveness. When the reader is able to see deeper into the character is causes a slight contradiction of the character. Loose ends occurred because “the art and the magic of playmaking questions both its matter (the themes) and its own power, affirming only in understood, limited ways” (376). Miko states it is because nature wouldn’t is why it happens to be one of the plays loose ends.
Now, on to a new subject – Prospero. Prospero is in charge of this play. The magic behind Prospero is somewhat intriguing and disturbing. He uses his magic to manipulate the characters in the play itself and the people who are watching or reading The Tempest. He can control anything and everything except for the internal feelings of the other characters. With this being the case, Miko states that it leaves questions such as, What effect can Prospero’s external powers have on internal sates (moral and spiritual)” (377)? Miko believes that Prospero magic defines moral limits by illustrating physiological stubbornness, which occurs when Prospero refuses to leave his island.
Caliban is also another interesting character. Miko believes that he should be transformed from natural man to Us. He acknowledges that some of Caliban’s actions do not imitate us but for the most part we share similarities. Evil lives in all of us and in all of the characters in the play, which is why we all strive to rid the evil and become better people, which is something that most of the characters have felt and attempted to accomplish.
Shakespeare has one intent and that is to attempt to match words and things, wishes and realities, inevitably leave disjunctions, especially for those who insist on neatness, which is the exact opposite of what this play demonstrated. He explains life as we know it should indeed be messy because we are in control of it, not some inhuman person.

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April 9, 2007

Cinema Study

Every television show or movie that you watch somehow is influenced by literature. Mitch and I are going to focus on literature and how it affects the children shows that are being produced.
We were aked to look at "cinema studies" and the reports that have been done on this topic. Although, Mitch and I are going to be focusing our project on children cartoons and we will be able to take information that experts have gathered on cinema studies and use the information to make our case.

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April 7, 2007

The Meanings That Never End...They Just Go On & On My Friend....

Feldstein, ''Reader, Text, and Ambiguous Referentiality in 'The Yellow Wallpaper''' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

After reading yet another way to look at "The Yellow Wallpaper" I am exhausted! Yes, Feldstein allowed to reader to look at "The Yellow Wallpaper" in a different light, and i appreciated it but....

I wonder how all of these theories and different critcisms are supposed to make me felel?

I mean, if I seriously try to apply each criticism to one text, I would drive myself crazy and I don't really think any story or novel that I read would have any closure...

So then I thought....

Maybe this book is supposed to make me knowledgeable of the different criticisms and pick the theory that makes the most sense to me and I liked that idea...so I'm sticking to it...

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Society Dictates Our Life

Eagleton, ''Literature and History'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Moreover, men are not free to choose their social relations; they are constrained into them by material necessity- by the nature and stage of development of their mode aof economic production." (421)

I chose the passage above because I took a course about Shakespeare and Eagleton and my professors made me realize how much society shaped the ways Shakespeare composed his plays. He had to think about everything, the people, the places, the costumes....his plays had to meet the demands made by society, by the people as a whole.

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Kessey, My Wise Friend

Keesey, Ch 7 (Introduction) -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Well, I was pretty impressed with the way Keesey acknowledged that most of the theories that he mentioned and explained, in some form were similar to each one he discussed. That fact that he realized the theories were similiar made me trust his opinions and it allowed me to open up to the other theories and ideas that he mentioned.

"This turn to history, then, includes, a large and diverse group of critics. But they share several concerns, and often the things that untie them are the things they have taken over from formalism, structuralism, and postructuralism...They agree that no text can offer a transparent window to historical fact." (410)

After reading Keesey's introduction, I felt that he somehow linked every theory that we have learned about and all tied them together, trying to explain that we can get a deeper understanding by learning and taking from the previous theories. And this is why, I finally learned to like Keesey because he finally made sense.

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March 26, 2007

No Clue

Berger, Postmortem for a Postmodernist -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

I was very excited to be reading this book because I thought that it would be a light read, but it was anything but. I realize that this book is trying to explain postmodernism and the views of this theory, and Berger failed terribly at trying to reach this goal. Every character had a different theory and reasoning and each thought the others were foolish for following any other theory besides theirs.

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Murfin and Ray, Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Primitivism - a doctrine postulating that, although humans are essentially good, they have been (and are still being) corrupted by 'civilization.'

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Excuse Me?

Derrida, ''Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Thus there are two interpretations of interpretation, of structure, of sign, of freeplay. The one seeks to decipher, dreams of deciphering, a truth or an orgin which is free from freeplay and from the order of the sign, and lives like an exile with the necessity of interpretation. The other, which is no longer turned toward the orgin, affirms freeplay and tries to pass beyond man and humanism, the name man being the name of that being who, throughout the history of metaphysics or of ontotheology- in other words, through the history of all the history - has dreamed of full presence, the reassuring foundation, the orgin and the end of game" (362).

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Derrida, ''Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"There are thus two interpretations of interpretation, of structure, of sign, of freeplay. The one seeks to decipher, dreams of deciphering, a thruth or an orgin which is free from freeplay and from the order of the sign, and lives like an exile with the necessity of interpretation. The other, which is no longer turned toward the orgin, affirms freeplay and tries to pass beyond man and humanism, the name man being the name that being who, throughout the history of metaphysics or ontotheology --in other words, through the history of metaphysics or ontotheology- in other words, through the history of all his history -- has dreamed full presence, the reassuring foundation, the orgin and the end of the game" (362).

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More Theories...

Keesey, Ch 6 (Introduction) -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Kessey addressed all of the previous arguments that he and the previous critics had made, including all of the theories. He then went on and examined each individual theory and noted the reasons why those theories work and do not work. For example, he would go into detail as to why the intertextual critics would disagree with something that he stated...he would say where they had valid points of skepticism and gave them credit when they proved a valid argument.

I also learned alot about Derrida, who is a French philosopher. The mention of Derrida was interesting because I was able to get a summary of who he was and what his beliefs were before I read his essay.

"By subjecting 'philosophical' texts to careful, formal analysis, Derrida seeks to show that there is no such language" (346).

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So what do you think?

Wright, ''The New Psychoanalysis and Literary Criticism'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"People are hostile to psychoanalytic theory because they alreayd have theories on how families work and have learned to rely on the quotation use of such terms as father, mother and child" (399).

The passage above is when Wright stepped out of her essay and stated a simple, realistic fact. This is one of the few times in her essay that I felt she was not throwing around text from other stories and using other examples to back up her claims.

I finally was able to understand her argument when she changed her tone in the essay and no longer spoke like a critic, but rather a real person. Her claim is great, yes it is useful to look deeper in the text and try to see patterns which lie hidden underneath the text.

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March 20, 2007

Blade Runner

Well first off, I thought that it was very interesting to see how the creators of Blade Runner imagined how the world would be in 2017. It was simply fascinating to watch because the year 2017 is right around the corner for people living in today's society.

Blade Runner was a very popular movie when it came out and I can understand the reason for it being so. I would have never choose this movie to watch, but I am glad that it was the movie chosen for this course. It tied in perfectly with Freud's theories and it held my attention throughout the whole movie.

Blade Runner's ending was a typical, normal happy ending with the viewer having very few questions at the end. One of those questions would be, "Did she ever die?" or "What happened to them once they left the house?"

The reason for us watching this movie was to compare it to Freud's essay "The Uncanny". And yes, I had experienced many, many uncanny feelings throughout this movie. I did not know why their were all of those Asians in LA and I did not know how Blade Runner knew the difference between humans and replicants. I also experienced uncanny feelings when Prue was invited into Sebastian's house because of the way that she acted.

And the list of uncanny moments in Blade Runner could go on forever...

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March 19, 2007

Chilling Thoughts

Freud is an interesting person. His theory does makes sense to some degree, but falls apart when people in today's society question the validity of his theory because of the issues that are present in today's world, which were unheard of in the year of 1919. For example, two women raising a child. His theory pretty much falls apart and looses all credibility.

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March 12, 2007


Swann, ''Whodunnit? Or, Who Did What? 'Benito Cereno' and the Politics of Narrative Structure'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

I don't want to claim that this is an entirely original point, nor that calling, "Bentio Cereno" a mystery story in this semi-techincal sense offers a final solution to the difficultis of the tale. I do want to argue that a recognition og the importance of narrative form and literary genre will atleast improve our definitions of the complexities that confront the reader, and will help us to see how the story relates to the history and politics that t springs from and is so deeply about." (311)

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Understanding Shakespeare

Frye, ''Shakespeare's The Tempest'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"In Sakespeare's day magic and science werevery imperfectly seperated, and today, in a postscienific age when they seem to be coming together again, the magus figure has revived into contemporary fiction, with much the same dreams attached to it. (305)

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Another Way...

Culler, ''Structuralism and Literature'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Yesterday I
Went into town and bought
A lamp.

The words remain the same, and if meanings change it is because we approach the poem with different expectations and interpretative operations" (290).

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Frye, ''The Critical Path'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"If we tire of the shadow-play explaining real poems by assumed mental states, we may be driven to realize that the ultimate source of a poem is not so much the individual poet as the social situation he springs, and of which he is the spokesman and the medium." (281)

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Importance of Words

Keesey, Ch 5 (Introduction) -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"A poem is best read in the light of all the other poems ever written. We read A the better to read B (we have to start somewhere; we may get very little out of A). We read B the better to read C, C the better to read D, D the better to go back and get something out of A. Progress is not aim, but circulation. The thing is to get among the poems where tehy hold each other apart in their places as the stars do" (Selected Prose, New York, 1966, pp. 96-97).

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February 27, 2007

Together or Seperate?

Brann, ''Pictures in Poetry: Keats's 'Ode on a Grecian Urn'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"Painting is poetry keeping silent; poetry is a talking picture"

I think this quote was the most helpful when I was trying to understand what Brann's argument was. I think that he was basically upset that critics no longer feel that poetry and paintings relate to another.

"Painting is poetry keeping silent; poetry is a talking picture"

I think this quote was the most helpful when I was trying to understand what Brann's argument was. I think that he was basically upset that critics no longer feel that poetry and paintings relate to another.

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Anonymous, ''Everyman'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

I have not yet watched this years play, but I have watched last years...it was excellent. Everyman is, at times, extreme but the storyline does focus on topics that do actually occur in people's lives.

Once I see the play, I will give you a much more deatiled response to how I feel about the play and its realism.

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February 26, 2007


Murfin and Ray, Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

caricature: an exaggeration or other distortion of an individual's prominant features or characteristics to the point of making that individual appear ridiculous.

example: a big head on a small body
a large nose

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All About the Women

Gilbert and Gubar, ''The Yellow Wallpaper'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"As if to comment on the unity of all these points - on, that is, the anxiety-inducing conncections between what women writers tend to see as their parallel confinements in texts, housesm and maternal female bodies - Charolette Perkins Gilman brought them all together in 1890 .... "

Gilbert and Gubar brought up interesting connections between works of the 19th century writers and their gender. They pointed out the way that women tend to show their imprisionment and their
plan to escape. They also lightly brushed the way that men portray their need for freedom.

(the guys in our class, i can guarantee, will hate this essay)

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February 22, 2007

Blog Carnival...

The critic that I had found most interesting would have to be Iser. Iser's essay Readers and the Concept of the Implied Reader had a different effect on me. I know that other critics have said the same thing as he did, but he somehow found a way to have an interesting essay! I liked the style that he wrote his essay in and I liked the tone that was steady throughout the whole article. Like I have said before this is quotes sums up Iser's idea of literature:

"It has been said of Boehme that his books are like a picnic to which the author brings the words and the reader the meaning." Northrop Frye

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Connecting the Dots
Stop Asking
Enjoy It
Listen to your Instincts
Who Writes the Rules
The Tempest
Get to the Point
Read than Apply
Using Examples

1.) Subconscious Thoughts
2.) Read than Apply

1.) Writing Styles
2.) Connecting the Dots
3.) Stop Asking

1.) Enjoy it.
2.) Stop Asking

1.) Tradition and the Individual Talent
2.) Are Poems Historical Acts

Blog Carnival
1.) Respond to a critic that we have read in class. I chose Wolfgang Iser.

1.) I think that I fulfilled the requirements of The Comment Informative on Tiffany's entry Going against the general thread. Although it was extremely wrong, it connected Tiffany and I because we both took the specified course with one another.
2.) I fulfilled the requirements of "Comment Primo" because I was the first to respond to Karissa's entry "Purposive and not likely to conform"

1.) Kind Acts

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February 19, 2007

Who Knew?

Kolodny, '"A Map for Rereading: Or, Gender and the Interpretation of Literary Texts'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

I was so happy when Kolodny finally mentioned a story that I had read - " A Jury of Her Peers,"

"The recognition in itself, of course, a kind of punishment. With it comes, as well, another recognition. as Mrs. Peters revelas experiences in her own life of analogous isolation, desperate lonliness, and brutality at the hands of a male."

I finally could relate to an author in this Keesey book!! I have read "A Jury of Her Peers" and I remember my exact feelings of how I felt when I learned how Minnie was before she married her husband. I felt bad for her, I sympathized with her. I didn't want her to go to jail. I was happy when her neighbors tried to cover up her actions.

But, as Kolodny pointed out, I somehow was persuaded to feel bad for Minnie, maybe because I'ma woman, but overall, I forgot that she killed her husband. She killed him!! Why didn't she just leave?

I am actually laughing at my stupidity at this point, I can't believe that I felt bad for her. I mean she killed her husband, I feel silly for trying, at one time, to justify her actions. Kolodny did an excellent job getting his point across to me. Now if only every author in the Keesey book would make references to stories that I know, maybe I would learn more, instead of being confused and skipping over those references.

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Information Overload

Keesey, Ch 3 (Introduction) -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

During the beginning, I understood what Keesey was saying, esp. about how poems outlive their authors and people can still relate to their work even if it was written decades ago, but then I start getting confused. He mention other peoples opinions like Richards and Iser and Holland and Rosenblatt, Bleich and Fish...I mean all of these people have different opinions and with so many opinions flying around it was very hard for me to take in all of the information that Kessey was throwing at me!

The bottom line is- every person is going to have a different interpretation of the same piece of work. When coming up with an idea of what the author is trying to say, you have to have supporting evidence to back up your claims and if you have that, noone can say you're wrong.

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Murfin and Ray, Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Haiku: A Japanese verse form consisting of three unrhymed lines that together contain a total of seventeen syllables.

1st line consits of 5 syllables
2nd line consists of 7syllables
3rd line consists of5 syllables

I recieved a gift (5)
that had a note attached from (7)
my love, my best friend (5)

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Is it Always About Me?

O'Connell, ''Narrative Collusion and Occlusion in Melville's 'Benito Cereno''' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Well after reading Iser's essay, I should have known other people were going to say there were more types of writers, I mean it could not have been so simple. Anyways, lets turn our focus to O'Connell...

"Delano is unquestionably muddled and unable to give the reader useful direction. However, the narrative does not push readers to do their own interpreting; in fact it makes it very difficult for them to do so."

It is nice when you sit down and begin reading a book that is very structed and easy to follow, but as the story begins rolling, I would not like for the narrative to "guide" me into thinking a certain way. Yes, information (background,historical, etc.) is useful but with that information I want to make my won decsions. Melville chose to keep the reader in the dark, which is why the ending was spectacular.

I was somewhat confused about O'Connell and I did not totally buy her argument. Towards the end of her essay she talks about Delano and says that the reader may ask, "How is this about me?" I, as a reader, did not know that the text was supposed to relate to every individual reader, but unless I misinterpreted O'Connell's message, I think she's a bit strange for thinking that every reader feels like the story should be about them.

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Dissecting Sentences

Kent, ''On the Third Stanza of Keats's 'Ode on a Grecian Urn''' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Kent points out that various people have focused on certain aspects of Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and although those focus on certain topics, (repition) no one seemed to pay attention to the lack of clauses that were absent in the third stanza. Also, Kent wants the reader to pay attention to the excessive use of apostrophes. Kent doesn't only want the reader to pay attention to the clauses, but he wants the reader to pay attention to the words surrounding the apostrophes. Kent's also wants the reader to look at the repition of specific words, such as, "happy and for ever."

I think Kent's meaning behind his essay is he wants the reader to pay closer attention to the words and style of the text, which then may help the reader to understand what Keats's message was in his writing "Ode on a Grecian Urn."

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Writing Styles

McDonald, ''Reading The Tempest'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

McDonald's essay describes different ways to look at the text of The Tempest

"Moreover, the style and form of The Tempest engage the audience textually with the same issues of control and mastery- the problem of power-that are brought into sharp focus by considerations of historical content."

As I was reading McDonald's essay, I couldn't help but realize that Iser had said that there was a type of reader who focused on the real and the historical, which is similar to what McDonald is saying.

McDonald mainly focuses on the style of the text and the repitition which Shakespeare uses throughout The Tempest. He then tries to explain the signifigance of Shakespeare's style and how the reader should then apply it to the text.

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Subconscious Thoughts

Iser, ''Readers and the Concept of the Implied Reader'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Iser could not have started his essay with a more relevant quote than this:

"It has been said of Behme that his books are like a picnic to which the author brings the words and the reader the meaning."

To start off, the quote mentioned above makes absolute sense and while I was reading his essay the quote kept repeating itself in the back of my head. I, previously, did not think much about how readers "read" so I was excited to learn the differences of the "three types of 'contemporary' readers, which are
1.) The real and historical
2.) Is constructed from social and historical knwoledge of time
3.) Is extrapolated from the reader's role laid dowm in the text.

Iser explains that the meaning that the reader gets out of the words comes from the experience and education of that individual reader. What soemone gets out the words that are written on the text is all based on that readers personal experiences and education.

While I was thinking about Iser's essay, I think he has a good argument. For example, think about one book that you absolutely love and then ask someone, who has read the book, their feelings about the same book. Since everyone processes information differently, it may be your experiences that control what the reader likes and dislikes.

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February 13, 2007

Kind Acts

I’m from Philadelphia, which doesn’t have the best reputation, but regardless, I had a very good childhood. I have a lot of sisters and a many, many cousins, nephews, etc. I have always been very sheltered and provided for, I would not say spoiled, even though I’m sure my mom and dad would disagree : )
I do not handle change well. I mean I do not even handle “a change of plans” well. I get very stressed out very easily, but ok this is not about me… On to my story:
It was about 2 degrees (not exaggerating) outside and I had to go to work, so I’m walking and I finally get to my car and the locks are frozen so while trying to get the doors unlocked I bent my key, I start the car and go to work. When I get out of work I notice that the key was bent, which probably happened when I tried to open my trunk, which was also frozen shut.
So I try to start the car and the key doesn’t work. I try again and it doesn’t work, so of course, my next thought is to call my dad. I get upset and start crying and it’s so cold that the tears are freezing up on my face. Anyways, he’s telling me to turn the wheel one way and do all these other things and I feel like I’m going to faint. So it’s like 40 minutes that I’m trying to get this car to work, which doesn’t seem like it’s going to work.
As I’m sitting in the car crying, a man comes up to the window, in an extremely polite manner and asks if he could help. At this point, I can’t give him my keys fast enough : ) He assured me numerous times that I could trust him and his intentions weren’t bad. He allowed me to sit in his car, with the heat on, while he tried to get my car to work, which he eventually succeeded in doing : )
I don’t really write many personal blogs, but that guy has still been on my mind even after a week has past. I do not know his name, but I know that people from everywhere read blogs, so I just wanted to say thank you again, you literally saved me from the freezing cold : ) When I encounter people like him, I wonder why we all can’t be like that. If everyone just helped a little, the possibilities would be endless.

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February 12, 2007

Read then Apply

Keesey, Ch 2 (Introduction) -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

If you read my blogs often, you would know that I hate looking too deep into words on paper, but as I flipped towards Chapter 2 I was once again being asked too. With this being the case, I decided to have an open mind (I can't say for sure I will do this again) and give it a shot.

At the beginning, it was helpful that Keesey provided exampls of the history that might have helped form Anglo-American criticism instead of just simply giveing us time frames, because I will be the first to admit, I do not know much about past history, especially dates.

"At the same time, it would be misleading to suggest that formal criticism represents a new or peculiary modern approach" (76).

I liked the statement above because he was being upfront and honest stating that the approaches that we use today are all influenced by the approaches that we used 50 years ago. It made me want to have an open-mind and trust him, so if that's what he intended, he succeeded.

"The speaker is a character who undergoes emotional changes as the "plot" of the poem moves from mood to mood, from statement to statement, from problem to solutions" (82).

""Poetic form and poetic meaning are inseperable, sre in fact, one and the same thing, and that all relevant criticism must start from this principle" (83).

I didn't know what statement I liked better so I chose both. Keesey did a pretty good job explaning a formalist point of view versus the historical point of view, but its all a matter of how each individual apllies the information. One way is not proven to be better than the other.

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Austin, ''Toward Resolving Keats's Grecian Urn Ode -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

At the beginning of this essay Austin says so himself that this poem has attracted hundreds of explicators, so I thought to myself, Well, why are you going to do the same thing? It was a perfect way to get me disinterested in his essay, but anyways, onto the intent of this essay:

I belive that Austin's intent was to make the reader understand how to read into Keats poem so the reader can figure out the hidden meanings in the poem. Throughout the whole essay, Austin basically gives us alternative meanings as to what Keats could have meant. For example,

"If Keats however, is referring to eternity, the Urn could be saying that in its world, which is an emblem of the world of eternity, beauty is truth" (51).

Austin definetly brings up some good suggestions, which he also does a good job of supporting, but it was not one that I enjoyed reading. Austin's essay was about as disspointing and boring as I had thought when I read the first few lines.

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The Tempest

Shakespeare, The Tempest -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

I was fortunate enough, as some of my classmates, to actually dedicate a whole class to Shakespeare : ) Yes, I know.

Having learned so much about Shakespeare, it doesn't seem as fun to me to figure out what his intent was. His main intent was to create a storyline that would keep the crowds attention and bring in money. It was a convenience for Shakespeare to make women disuguise themselves as men based on the lack of props and actors (Shakespeare wasn't always rich).

Regardless of Shakespeare's financial intentions, he is a mastermind. Today, we are still recreating his stories. He had to have liked creating the stories and confusing the crowds because his stories all are pretty much the same (women dressing as men, playing two different rold, fighting, confusion, compliucations between family memebers, storms..etc.)

It was a great story to read, I can only imagine how fabulous it would be to watch.

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Who Writes the Rules

Watson, ''Are Poems Historical Acts?'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

"But then nonsesne can be literature too, and csometimes is-a warning that, if there is a limit to be placed, it may be worth insisting that it should be placed at some remote point."

After discussing in class, the different credentials that one's work must meet to be classified as a particular type of work, this essay helps me to get an even better understanding of exactly how we should view anothers work.

The quote that I picked out caught my eye because Watson explained in simple words that someones nonsense may have a different effect on someone else. I'm sure everyone has heard of the cliche, "Every trashcan has it's lid."

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Using Examples

Brooks, ''Irony as a Principle of Structure'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

Brooks started his essay in a very strong tone of voice. He spoke in a matter-of-fact tone which made me really wonder if what he was saying would work. Is there a poet out there who didn't step out into the universe only by first going through the door of the particular?

Brooks on Shakespeare's song:
"At any rate, it is intresting to see what happens if we are aware of these overtones. We get a delightful richness, and we also get something very close to irony." (87)

Once Brooks used that example, I began to really understand what he was saying. Shakespear's song helped because Brooks began asking the questions as if he was a reader.

The he said, "Grace, I suppose, refers to grace of movement and some readers will insit that we leave it at that." (87) Since he begins talking about how to read the text, it relates to Eagleston's article, "What is Literature?" So after taking into account, everything that I read, I do think that Brooks had a pretty good argument. There are some readers who would read selected works one way, which would differ from a different reader. The bottom line is - Brooks prepeared me with the tools so I now have a better chance of finding hidden ironic messages, but he also makes me wonder if you should right poetry following the steps he gives.

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Murfin and Ray, Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

I was flipping through my book when I came across the defintion of "half-rhyme". Half-Ryme: A form of rhyme in which words contain similar sounds but do not rhyme perfectly.

For example: the words need to have a similar sound...time/pine

So if I were to write a few words of a poem it would have to sound like this:

I was looking at the time
when I stepped on a pine
which made me see a sign

haha that was pretty bad : ) but hopefully I got my point across.

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January 29, 2007

Stop Asking!

Eagleton, ''Introduction: What is Literature?'' -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)

This question is not supposed to be answered because of the consequences that will follow. The reason being because there is not one, concrete answer that everyone will agree on and approve. And along with people not agreeing, people get extremely defensive and sensitive when someone dares to say that their works, such as the Superman comic, is not Literature.

As the article states, "If literature is 'creative' or 'imaginative' writing, does that imply that history, philosophy and natural science are uncreative and unimaginable?" We have no right to judge or exclude some writings from get the title "Literature".

When I took the course, Videogamming, a similar question arose - why are videogames not accepted in the art/literature society?
It's an extremely sensitive subject and I think that we, as critics, have any right to downplay someone's works because they are not socially accepted. To me, it's unfair and unacceptable. If it was up to me, any work done, whether I agree or disagree, would be classified as "Literature".

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"Man Makes Himself"

Murfin and Ray, Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms -- Jerz EL312 (Literary Criticism)


This word interested me because I have some friends who belive in this "idea" and I never truly understood what they belived in. Murfin and Ray summed it up perfectly - "Existentialists concern themselves with humanity's very being, with its perpetual, angusihed struggle to exist."

Existentialists need to find their OWN purpose and meaning of life, which can be very positive but it can make someone feel even more neglected and alienated than previously.

Existentialists works "tend to stress the alienation of individuals as well as their essential - and inescapable - loneliness and uncertainty." After reading their tendencies they seem like pretty depressing people, who have a chance of really understanding their purpose, but a greater chance of becoming extremely depressed.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 10:12 AM | Comments (5) | TrackBack (0)

April 26, 2006

PA Megan's Law Website Info

I will admit that I am overly paranoid. I am weary of strange men/ friends around me becuase I feel that, if they choose to, they can overpower me and do anything that they choose. Now, I do not know why I feel this way, but maybe it's because I watch too much Law and Order: SVU : ) Anyways, I will admit I'm a little extreme. I do not even like to go to parties with my friends who I have known since freshman year. When people drink they become totally different people and I do not feel that I should put myself in that situation because if something were to happen, I would mostly likely have no chance to protect myself from a 200 pound kid, who isn't even thinking rationally. Next thing, I'll wind up dead in a ditch. Now do you see why I think I have a problem? hah

I do not feel that people should be as paranoid and protective as I am, but I do think that there are precautions that people should take. I feel that I should be aware of who lives around me and I reguarly check my state's sex offender registry website. It is called Megan's Law and I think that it is important for people to log in and see who their surrounding neighbors are. I have a sixteen year old sister who said: "Gi, those people don't live here. I don't know those people." It turned out that I did recognize someone that my family comes into contact often.

Recently, a letter was sent home with my thirteen year old sister saying that a sex offender has moved in the area. The school did not list the name of the man, nor a picture. All we know is he has moved in the area. I feel that we should have a right to know who the man is and see his picture, so we can try to protect our kids as much as possible. It doesn't make sense because I can log onto PA Megan's Law Website and search among hundereds of men and women and try to single him out, when my time could have been spared by just including his/her picture. My family called me frantically, asking to try and find out who it is and where he/she may live. It was "thoughtful" that the letter was sent home, but all it seemed to do was worry parents and provide no solution to their new found problem.

I do not feel that is violating their privacy because there picture is going to be posted anyways, so please make it easier for people to protect their children from dangerous men and women. I hope that this article helps make people aware and ask for our state/police/governement to make us more aware of who lives around us.

*PA Megan's Law Website is simple to use. Click the link that I have provided, read the warning and click "I accept." The next page will than load and on the left hand site of the page you can search for sex offenders by county, city, zip code, name, and alias. The offenders address will be listed ONLY if the offender is considered "a sexually violent predator." And your long search will begin.

The National Sex Offender Public Registry also has a website, incase you do not live in Pa. Hope this is helpful!

Posted by GinaBurgese at 12:36 AM | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

March 13, 2006

Relax--Everything is Not about RACE


A letter written to the Philadelphia Daily News by Linda S. Wallace suggested that the women appearing to be the parent in Philadelphia was African American, which I do not see a resemblance between the women and an African American at all.

Linda said, "The woman portrayed as the Philadelphian appeared to be African-American. Suggesting that all blacks use or sell drugs is a bit like suggesting that all conservatives are high school dropouts. While it may be true for some, the vast majority do not fall into that category, and it is unfair to pin the label on the entire group." In my opinion Linda missed the POINT of this illustration. It doesn't make a difference what race the women was it was the point that both the woman and child looked strung out on drugs--bottom line.

Everyone complains that we need to feel equal but this woman outcasted her own race, when that was not even the subject. There is a serious problem when people are so paranoid that they create "discriminations" when there are none.

My advice to you Linda would be that Signe was not trying to stereotype African America mothers who live in Philadelphia, but to make people well aware that parents are creating dangerous enviornment for their children, which is a serious problem. Relax Linda--this isn't about race. I'm sure you'll pull the race card again in the future, but make sure it applies.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 5:22 PM | Comments (2) | TrackBack (0)

February 4, 2006

Book of Daniel

I must say that I am very, very upset that The Book of Daniel has e=been cancelled after only three episodes. Even before the show aired it caused much controversy and I when the first episode finally aired, I was shocked. The Book of Daniel was fantastic. It showed "realness" in its episodes. Yes, it was a little wierd when watching it but it slowly became something that I could relate to.

The priest, Daniel, is addicted to pain killers. The mother, Judith, is somewhat of an alcholic. Grace, the youngest child and only daughter, was caught selling drugs. Peter, the oldest son, is a homosexual. Adam, an adopted son, is in a relationship which is forbidden and is engaging in sexual intercourse. So after all that, it sounds pretty bad huh? But there actions can somewhat be justified, continue reading:

Daniel has frequent conversations and visits with Jesus. Jesus is very aware of Daniel's drug use and never tries to force him to stop or tell him what to do. Jesus' role is somewhat like Peter's conscience. Judith is housewife and is mourning the loss of her son. In every episode she seems to be faced with many problems and drinks frequently. Grace only sold drugs to get enough money to purchase computer programs to satisfy her addiction to Japanese animation. Adam was forbidden to see his love interest because he was Asian, which seemed like a horrible excuse to give to anyone so he did not listen.

The bottom line is that Jesus was portrayed perfectly. It helped me understand my faith more because it shows exactly how Jesus would feel and his thoughts at times. For example, when the Bishop found a condom in her car and told Daniel it was Peters Jesus said soemthing like, "Don't be too hard on him. He's a good kid." Jesus said that about a homosexual who had intercourse with a heterosexual?? Which is exactly something that I think Jesus would say. I see nothing wrong with the content of the show. Is it different? Definetly, but it has a good cause. It shows a real life family going through real life problems.

I loved the show and after watching the first three episodes it made me feel stronger in my faith. I just got done watching Episode Four on the computer and it was even better then the first three. Its a shame that society is missing out on suvh true and real sitautions and issues.

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January 18, 2006

Call For Papers

“Call for Papers” seemed to be very much to the point. I think that they have come up with a great strategy because they can easily ask for suggestions and in return they get many people responding with different opinions and responses as to why they came up with the ideas that they did. One negative reaction that I had to the article was that I do think that they should have allowed the papers being submitted to exceed 500 words because when you have a great idea it takes more than just roughly three paragraphs to get your point across.

I think that designing a game that would focus on “Video game villains and anti-heroes” would be very interesting. I like it because you can twist and move that topic to fit every obstacle that you might come across. You can include good guys who perform good deeds and get rewards for their actions and still include “villains” who act disturbing and face both rewards and consequences for their actions.

One thing that I noticed is that the topics that the article mentioned seem to be very similar to games that already exist. I think it will take a lot of hard work to create a game that is totally different that has different goals from the many anti-hero games that exist presently.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 11:20 PM | TrackBack (0)

How Hurtful Is It?

Violence in Videogames
To start off, I have mixed feelings on this topic. I think that violence in videogames can both help and hurt society especially children, but it all depends on the individual.

For example, Madness Combat 2 Redeemer, is very violent but the characters playing the game do not resemeble human beings and do not speak throughout the whole video, which could be used as an argument stating that the creators can not possibly be held responsible because they did not make the game something that children can relate to in reality. The charcater being portrayed is a "person" that has supernatural powers( killing more than one "person" at the same time, having knives appear out of nowhere, having unlimited survival skills and strategies).

On the otherhand, although the characters do not resemble human beings, the game implies that the charcters are human beings especially because at the end of the game the main character performing the killings actually sheds a tear once he knows that he was caught. Also, the ending message states: Moral: Don't try to shoot the sheriff. Body Count: 80

As we can see there is this crazy videogame that shows one charcter performing multiple killings and unrealisticlly outliving almost everyone. To me Madness Combat 2: Redeemer is a totally outrageous game in which it entertains and soley that. I can not see a child viewing this game and it influencing the child so strongly that he has an urge to go out and shoot hundreds of people. But as I have been researching there are people who live in reality and believe that it is totally unacceptable that we allow videogames of this content to be available to children on-line with just one click of a button.

Violence in Videogames will always be a controversial subject, but to people who oppose it I say: "You don't allow children to play violent videogames, but you allow them to watch the news, where there almost nothing but crime being viewed and talked about?" Atleast in videogames children realize that they can escape reality, but in "reality" there is no escaping the hard, cold truth of the world we live in.


Posted by GinaBurgese at 10:20 PM | Comments (8) | TrackBack (0)

January 13, 2006

Blog 2

Coverage and Depth:

“Sim Sin City: some thoughts about Grand Theft Auto 3” I really enjoyes readind this article. I thought that the author was absolutely brilliant when he spoke and he kept me interested throughout his article.

Grand Theft Auto This was my summary and detailed description of how Grand Theft Auto is played and the object of the game. I think that I did a great job of describing the actions throuhgout the game and thanks to Jerz's sugesstions I think that the article came out great.

Games and The Effects they have I loved Spetember 11th but I found Madrid somewhat boring, I would never want to play this game again because I do not see the point of the game.


For my comments I found myself conversing over the phone and instant messanger rather than actually writing comments. I know that I have to work on that and I will but the course goes by so fast that it makes it hard!

Posted by GinaBurgese at 9:53 PM | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

January 12, 2006

January 11, 2006

Uncle Sammy

My family does not get together as much as everyone would like and it seems that the only family “reunion” that we have is when someone is getting married or has past away. Unfortunately, on January 5, 2006, my great-uncle Dominic passed away and once again my family got together. I was not able to attend his viewing/funeral because I was working, but of course my parents went.

While my father was socializing with his relatives he came across my great-great uncle Sammy and one of the first things out of his mouth was about me and my blog. He said how impressed he was with me and had nothing but compliments to give my father. He wondered if I would remember him so my answer is yes and uncle Sammy I wrote this blog for you.

How can I forget you? Whenever I would see you, you would always be throwing money at my sisters and me saying “Here, take it!” I know that we have not managed to keep in touch because of distance and such things, but I want you to know that I’ll never forget you. You have no idea how much it means to me that you sit down and actually read what I write, so thank you, it means a lot to me. I guess my father was right when he said, "A dollar goes a long way."
I hope that we get to see one another again and thanks for not forgetting me.

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January 10, 2006

January 9, 2006

January 5, 2006

Beyond the Review

Insaniquarium was founded by Flying Bear and is hosted by PopCap. Insaniquarium is a game that is full of bright colors and non stop action that will have you clicking the mouse button faster and faster. Insaniquarium allows the player to have hands on experience with the game. It forces the player to challenge himself to come up with the best strategy. There are twenty different levels and four different backgrounds that you can successful choose, once you complete the required levels.

Insaniquarium never gets boring because the game is always introducing new characters. On your journey there will be a total of ten "friends" that you can choose to help you beat the levels. They can either help you collect coins that the fish are dropping, they can help you fight aliens, they can have babies which will increase the fish that you have and they can protect the fish from aliens. You will have to make the difficult choice of only picking three to help you complete the levels, which can be hard because they are all valuable.

In order to beat each level, you need to buy three egg pieces. In order to buy the egg pieces you must have enough money and fish. You can get money from either your fish, a “friend” that sings, or by conquering an alien. As the levels get harder, naturally, the egg pieces become more expensive and difficult to get.

Money plays an important role in Insaniquarium because without it your fish will die and you will lose, its as simple as that. Money is your biggest enemy in this game. You can increase the amount of fish you have, you can upgrade your tank and you can buy important items that will increase your choices of beating the level.

One of the things that I love most about Insaniquarium is that fact that if you do not achieve the levels successfully, you can start off from where you died last. This is very important because it does not hold you back from completing your mission. But do not let this advantage trick you because it extremely difficult despite the advantages that games offers, I still have yet to beat the game.

This game can be fun for everyone to play, whether you are young or old. If the player is a young child it can help him/her learn the value of money and make them realize that having a strategy will usually benefit them in the end. Insaniquarium can be an "escape" for older players who need a break from "reality."

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January 4, 2006

How Society Views Videogames

Aarseth's Game Studies editorial -- Video Gaming (EL 250)

"Computer games are perhaps the richest cultural genre we have yet seen, and this challenges our search for a suitable methodological approach."

I liked this quote the best out of the whole article. This quote really sums up everything that I think the author was trying to explain. I never did a research on how videogames were viewed in society but this question was asked alot during this course. Like this article states videogames are not yet accepted in the art/literature society, which is unfair because the creators do just as much work as any other.

To look on the positive side atleast people are becoming aware of videogamming. I did not know if I should take this course because I didn't consider myself a hard-core video gamer but I'm exteremly glad that I did. I have found myself blogging more than I have ever done before and I truly hope that videogames get the admiration that they deserve.

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Groundhog Day

Groundhog Day is a classic movie. I have watched this movie numerous times so it gave me time to think about what if this scenario happened to me? It brought up many issues for me and made me think about many things that I probably would have never thought about. Groundhog day really makes you realize that Time is precious.

I do not think that this would be a good video game because it would be boring because it would be the same rountine over and over again. It's already laid out for you and there's no way that you would be able to control the situation. On the other hand, as we saw, Bill Murray saw that he could change not what happenes to him, but what happens to everyone around him. It gave him a chance to better himself because he knew that he could. Which could be fun to play, but you will still be trapped because in a game your charcter wouldn't have feelings and you most likely would never have the realizations playing the game as you would if you saw it happening to someone.

After looking at both sides, I think that I am going to stick with my first opinion. Groundhog Day would be better as a movei because it affects the viewer, whereas if you were playing Groundhog Day: The Video it would not be as personal because you do not think of your charcter as real and therefore would probably dismiss this situation as simply silly.

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My Trip To Liberty City

I think that this videogame showed alot of "reality." The speakers voice influenced my opinion greatly because it allowed me to form a picture of what the charcter would be like. I pictured him as a proper well-educated person who would rather have peace then violence. For example, he wanted to go rest in the park lol! I think that it is important because he did say numerous times that he did not want to give in too the violent behavior like Puff said he did not wnat to open the car doors because then he would have thrown the cabbie driver out and stole a car. But the character seemed to step out of his "morals" and gave into society, which is just another example of how society has a huge influence in the way people act and view their actions.

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Spy Kids 3D

This movie was very entertaining. I would think that the movie was created for a younger audience but then again the producers know that a yound child would be watching the movie with an adult, which is why I think that I found the movie interesting also.

I think that Spy-Kids sent across a positive message but also some negatives. For instance when Juni gabe Demetra his life pack he looked at the three boys standing there and winked, which seems to be how men think of women throughout their whole lives. Some men think that all it will take is a simple nice deed and the woman will cherish him and just fall into their hands. They think that they know how to "play" women which Spy-Kids could be contributing too just by that single action.

But I think that I am analyzing the movie too much and critizing actions that children may not pick up on. I think that kids would be more fasinated by the 3-D effect rather that what someone is saying. I like this movie and found it "silly" but worth watching.

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January 3, 2006


Insaniquarium allows the player to have hands on experience with the game. It forces the player to challenge himself to come up with the best strategy. There are twenty different levels and four different backgrounds that you can successful choose, once you complete the required levels.
One of the things that I love most about Insaniquarium is that fact that if you do not achieve the levels successfully, you can start where you died. This is very important because it does not hold you back and force you to start from the beginning. Although, the creators offer this great option I still have yet to beat the game.
The object of the game is to successfully take care of the fish in the tank. In order for your fish to survive you have to feed them and along with that you need money. The game starts you off with eighty dollars and each time you drop food for your fish it deducts five dollars from your account. Once your fish start growing they begin to drop coins and it is your job to collect as many as you can. The more fish you have the more coins that drop. The problem arises when aliens invade your fish tank and begin to eat your fish. You have to have a strategy to conquer the aliens because you do not have much time to think.
Each level gets more difficult and once you continue to beat the levels the game will ask you to choose a “friend” who will help you along your journey. Insaniquarium keeps me interested and always challenges my skills. I encourage people to try this game because it is definitely worth your time. It is full with bright colors and different visuals each time you play.

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Storytelling in Video Games

Adams: Two words! Two words! We don't let you get away with anything here. Ok, climb tree.

This line that Adams recited seemed to sum up the whole article for me. This shows just how difficult it was to create videogames when technology was so limited. In this four part assignment I understood the complexity of creating video games and the obstacles that the challenges that the creators faced.

It was "fun" reading Dr. Jerz's interview with Adams because I personally know him and I was able to menatly vision this discussion. Adams seemed to be a very personable and very intellegient man. He offered some great advice when I was reading his interview such as, "Two heads are better than one. A hundred heads are far better than one. You keep control of the direction it's taking, and let there be creative input coming in."

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Bow N*gger

I hit 'T' to talk and the chat icon appears above my head. But I hesitate. I wanted to say something, but with the little underscore blinking away there my fingers stopped over the keys. Say what? "No, you don't", "No, you aren't", "How can you when your insults are meaningless?", "Fuck you, asshole"?

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November 30, 2005

Death of a Salesman

Death of a Salesman started out portraying Willy's life indirectly. It told history and I was able to get a vivid picture of the life that Willy had and continued to live.

Willy has been working at the same job for years and years and feels underappreciated. Willy went into his boss’s office and was not surprised when Howard refused to give him a raise, so he had different plan. He tried to convince Howard to give him a raise by expressing his deep love for the job. “And when I saw that, I realized that selling was the greatest career a man could want. ’Cause what could be more satisfying than to be able to go, at the age of eighty-four, into twenty or thirty different cities, and pick up a phone, and be remembered and loved and helped by so many different people?”

I feel that at this time in the story Will was desperate and hopeless. He tried to do everything that he could and it was not enough. Willy’s wife accepts the fact that her husband is not making the money that he used to and wants him to realize that it is alright to admit that his selling’s are not going as well as they used to.

Willy is definetly portrayed as a family man. This story opened my eyes to how much pressure a family, job, and etc. can put on a person. In the end, Willy became irrational and gave up on his life. Unfortunately, he got a stuck in a moment that they could not get out of. It taught a valuable lesson – tomorrow’s another day.

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November 29, 2005

Blogging Portfolio 3


For my coverage requirement I chose to include my entries: Fences,Some Answers, and The character of Doctor B. I think that I put alot of work into trying to prove my point, especially my entries about Doctor B.

To cover my depth entries I am going to include my blogs aboutDoctor B.: Some Answers? and The Character of Doctor B. I can not explain why I liked the story some much but while I was reading it, it was like I became obsessed with him. I wanted to stand up for hima nd felt like he was a real character! Those entries are probably the only two stories where I have so much passion and opinion about the subject.


Well, many times I write blog entries and do not get comments back, which does not bother but when I go to do my blogging portfolio it makes this requirement pretty hard to do. I did write A Man of All Seasons, which did not include much detail rather then it was easy to understand because I was taking courses where we were talking about More at the same time. I also would like to include Fences because I am going to be basing my term paper off of this story.


To satisfy my timeliness requirement I posted about "Death of a Salesman", which is not due until December 5, 2005. My classmates will have enough time to look at my feeling and thought on how Miller portrayed Willy Loman.


While reading Professor B. there were many questions that people had asked and I helped to answer them. One of the main questions was why the priest was forbidden to go into the patients' room. I posted on DenaMarie's Blog the reasons which I thought were very clear. I also contributed to a question that Amanda had while reading POrofessor B. At times, I'm not interested in what someone's thoughts but when I commented to my classmates about Doctor B. I really tried my best to help them understand what was going on.


Writing a "wildcard" entry is usually my favorite blog to write because I have the ability to write about anything I want and anything that interests me. For this entry I chose to write about the recent killings in the United States, primarily Philadelphia. I think that I brought up important topics and I actually hope that someone reads it and understand what I am trying to say.

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I am a very negative person and although I would like to think differently my mind focuses on the dark side of the situation. So as you might have guessed this blog evtry is also going to focus on something negative.

Recently, there were amany killings, like always, in Philadelphia. But one story published in the Phildelphia Daily News captured my attention. It stated that a young man, Terrell Pough, was shot - execution style. Just in Philadelphia alone, he was the 346 victim that was killed this year.

Whoever shot Terrell was a person who had nothing to live for which is the scariest part of this preventable crime. If someone asked me why I think that there is so much crime, especially in the inner cities I would give this simple answer: lack of education. THe Philadelphia Daily News had an article saying that approximately 350-400 people attended Terrell's sadness along with different emotions. They should take Terrell's death as an example and see that the world has more to offer than just crime. I know that its hard to try and explain to a bunch of tough, untrusting teenagers that there is a world out there that is not that bad and actually "liveable."

I recently had a conversation with my friend Rob and said how great life would be if everyone lived life like a concert. He alaughed and anxiously agreed, "Yeah, I know: Hugs not Drugs." I just wish we could open up their eyes and make them see that they are caught in a daily cycle of crime and killings but life does have something to offer them. They might have to work harder because the odds are against the, but they csn do it. They just have to try.

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November 16, 2005

November 15, 2005

November 12, 2005


Rose: He ain’t talking about making no living playing football. It’s just something boys in school do. They gonna send a recruiter by to talk to you. He’ll tell you he ain’t talking about making no living playing football. It’s an honor to be recruited.

Troy: It ain’t gonna get him nowhere. Bono’ll tell you that.

I chose this passage above because I think that it relates to Wilson’s life indefinitely. He was in the 1940’s which means that he was raised by parents who were brought up in the 1910’s or 1920’s. Both, he and his parents, lived in a time where education was not a necessity. People did not know how valuable education was and there were many decent jobs being offered if you had your high school diploma.
Also, Wilson was of a mixed race, and was brought up in a predominately black area. He focused on that and this story, like many others, focuses on black and white issues. It is hard to say exactly how black people felt during this time and I do not know if the tension between the races was so widespread. This play faces many difficult issues that are not brought up regularly today. For instance, many stories no longer call black people “niggers” but refer to them as colored or black.

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November 9, 2005

November 7, 2005

Security in America

At times, I feel extremely safe in America, but other times, I feel very vulnerable to danger. I feel that we have enough problems to worry about in America. For instance: terrorists, drugs, gas prices and so on. What adds to the fire is that we have criminals roaming around our streets. Now I understand that there will always be crime and it is impossible to solve all of the unsolved cases in America, but when we happen to catch these criminals we should be smart enough to keep them incarcerated. Over the past year there have been cases as to where the inmate escaped one way or the other. The most recent escapee, Charles Victor Thompson, actually was able to walk out of his prison home. Other cases, which are too many to mention, also have managed to escape from secure prisions. If you are interested you can find more information at: Prisioners Escaped.

I think that America really needs to tighten up security not only from terrorists, but from dangerous Americans. People need to do their jobs because there no excuse for prisioners to escape. The employees should know the jail better than the prisoners and they should take precautions to prevent any type of escape route that a prisioner would be able to come up with.

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November 6, 2005

Blogging Portfolio 2


To satisy my coverage requirement I chose to include my article, "Different Opinions." In this article, I gave my opinion and gave my opinion of what the text meant. I think that I had contributed interesting ideas for my peers to consider thinking about and apply it to the text. I would also like to include my article, "Fuddy Meers." In this article I had explained that I had a sneek peek of a play that we were required to watch in a few weeks. I think that I made my classmates look forward to watching the play because I was able to view it and said that it looked fantastic.


To satisfy my depth entry I chose to include my article on Dead Man Walking. I titled it, "Justice is Served" because I truly felt that Matthew got everything that he deserved regardless of his change of heart towards the end of his life. I felt strong about this book because it affected my emotions, which is not common. I think that this book was a very spirtual book and it brought up many life changing topics.


One of the few blogs that I have written and actually sparked a discussion was about the play, "Sure Things." I think that I had made good points concerning the play and my classmates agreed with my opinion. On my blog I wrote an article titled, "Hamlet" and it did not spark much conversation, but it did spark a conversation in class because I mentioned it to my classmates in case they did not get a chance to read it. I think that it made my classmates look at the story in a different perception.


I would say that they the most interaction that I had with my classmates that I had responded too. I wrote pretty in-depth articles that contributed to the way that my peers felt and viewed the plays that we have read. For instance, I contributed to Kevin, Danielle, and Andrew's blog entries. I also quoted Andrew's blog entry, "Mothers." I used it in the reflection paper that I did and it sparked a discussion in the class.

Comment Grande - When Kevin wrote, "What should she expect," he asked many questions, which all were based on the opinion of other people. I offered Kevin my opinion and tried to understand his claim as much as possible.

Comment Primo - Andrew had posted a blog about Amanda's chracter, which I politely disagreed with. I understood the feelings that Andrew had towada Amanda, but I felt that he was not looking at the feelings of Amanda. I explained that he should try to put himself in her shoes and try to understand that it had to be hard for Amanda because she has no control over her own life.

Comment Informative- Danielle had posted an article, which I was very interested in. It was about athletes and academics and the article that she had quoted was extremely biased. I did some research and helped Danielle support her claim.


For my Wildcard entry I chose to write about Prisioners escaping from jail. I found this topic interesting because of the recent prison break by Thompson. Because Thompson was able to escape from prison and make security look exteremly weak I hope that America realizes that we have to tighten up security in order to keep innocent people safe.

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October 27, 2005

October 21, 2005

October 12, 2005

Different Opinions

Lady: True, Master Doctor, and since I find you so kind,
I will make known unto you what my heart desires to
have, and were it now summer, as it is January, a dead
time of the winter, I would request no better meat, than
a dish of ripe grapes.

I chose this passage to do my reflection on because I felt that it had a sexual aroma around it. I think that if you took it out of the passage it would show that the lady was somewhat flirting with Faustus. Do you think that it could be possible that she may have been leading him on indirectly? I also tried reading each passage separately to see what the outcome of the play would have been if each character had shorter and more intimate conversations with one another. This led me to believe that they play and the characters in the play are much more complex than I would have ever thought.
Overall, I enjoyed this play I think that it was extremely easy to read and it made my imagination wander. I think that there could have been many possible endings and conclusions and maybe some day someone will try and spice it up a bit. My classmates had all picked many different topics that they noticed in the play which made it easier for me to read because I saw many different angles of the play. For example, Andrew wrote about the significance of the number seven, which is something that I did not pick up on and it was significant to the story.

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October 4, 2005

September 30, 2005

Blogging Portfolio

Coverage: To satisfy my coverage entry I chose "Earnest and His Importance."

Depth: To cover my 'depth' requirement I chose my blog entry titled, "Understanding Stories: Up Close and Personal." I wrote about how I felt the story helped me learn and even had a small discusssion about how I truly felt.

Interaction: Although, I did not get much feedback from my peers I still commented on my peer's entries and I think that I had some interesting opinions to point out. For instance, I commented on Kevin's Blog and David's Blog and I recieved many comments on my blog titled Same Ending;Different Story I both agreed and disagreed and gave my opinions as to wy I felt the way that I did.

Timeliness: Well I think that I wrote this blog in plenty of time to spark a discussion with my peers and it is called: "Understanding Stories: Up Close and Personal."

Discussions: I think that my entry on women missing around the world should be included because I not only got one comment, but two and it was from someone that I do not know. It was called: Why kill them? I was really proud of this because I made someone interested enough to read what I wrot ebcause they wanted too; not because they had too.

Xenoblogging: This semester I commented more than I ever had before! My classmates should feel special! My entries include: The Comment Primo - DenaMarie's entry on The Doll's House. The Comment Grande I chose to include - Heart in the Ground

Wildcard: To satisfy my wildcard entry I wanted to include my blog that was labeled: "Justice For All People, Except Priests Who Rape Children" . I wanted to include that specific entry because I feel that it was one of the few that I wrote with passion.

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September 22, 2005

Justice for All People, except Priests who Rape Children

Most of the blogs that I create are usually ones that I 'have' to for the classes that I am enrolled in. Very rarely does something strick me deep enough to make me think about the situation hours later. But today it happened.

Continue reading "Justice for All People, except Priests who Rape Children"
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September 20, 2005

September 15, 2005

September 14, 2005

September 8, 2005

August 20, 2005

Why Kill Them?

During the months of May, June, July and August there have been many reports of women missing. Since I am from Philadelphia, people who are missing from Philadelphia are the ones that interest me the most. The three main missing females in Philadelphia are: Latoyia Figueroa, and Danielle Imbo, and Taneke Daniels. The only case that recently got solved was Latoyia Figueroa's. Police have charged her ex-boyfriend, Steven Poaches, with her murder. The two other cases are still unsolved and police have no lead. The most popular missing persons case as of right now is Natalee Holloway. Holloway is from Alabama, who went missing in Aruba.
I believe that Natalee, Danielle, and Taneke are all to be believed dead. I just do not know why their killers had to kill them.

Continue reading "Why Kill Them?"
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August 10, 2005

Understanding Stories: Up Close and Personal

The reason that education has become so important in "The United States of America" is because people want their children, as well as themselves, to be as eductaed as they possibly can. A major component of becoming educated and well rounded is by looking in the past. Their are people that are still doing research trying to figure out "Why men treated women so poorly?, Why there was such a diversity between Caucasians and African Americans?

Continue reading "Understanding Stories: Up Close and Personal"
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March 31, 2005

Here We Are?

This Story started out with a statement and then a question. "Here we are, " she said. "Aren't we?" And the story ended with the same statement and question. Out of all the books that I had to read I liked this one the best. I think that it was a cute, crazy conversation between two adults who are nervous about the life they are going to live since they have just gotten married. They have silly arguments about her sister and the relationship that he has with her family. "Don't think that I haven't noticed it. It makes me feel terrible. It makes me feel just awful that you don't like my own sister." And the husband responds, "I do so like her! I'm crazy fro Ellie. I think she's a great kid." Arguments and such are like this throughout the story. She accusses him of everything that she could think of and he patiently explains to her she is talking nonsense and tries to defend himself the best that he could.
I think that the title to this book was absolutely perfect! After I read it over, I thought about it and I seemed to me that she was saying that because she was trying to convince herself she actually got married and now here she beginning a whole new life. "Here we are," she said. "Aren't we?" just shows how scared and doubtful she is.

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March 17, 2005

Streetcar named Desire

Ok, well now that I have had time to think about A Streetcar Named Desire I have to say I liked it, but I didn't get many feelings out of it. I think that the characters were picked for a reason- diversity - was what Williams had to have want. I liked the relationship between Blanche and Stella because they were so different. Like I said in class, I don't think that Blanche was harmfully trying to put down Stella I think that she was very upset by the conditions that Stella was living in. Or, like many people have said Blanche could of just been a mean person who was very resentful towards her sister and did not want to see Stella as happy as she was.
I liked that the play was taken place around a poker table, because I got a picture of men playing, which is a pretty strong sense of character when your trying to envision the life and personality of the characters. I think Stanley was excellent! He was mean to everyone but only apologized to Stella when he crossed the line. He was violent and then apologized to Stella...(not saying its right but when the women takes a man back that hits her, well then it becomes both of thier fault)
And Stella played a typical female of the time period. She was happy and wanted children and wanted to have a nice house and stay with her husband and never saw anything the real way that it was. Stella went throught life wearing rose colored glasses. I'm sure that Stella could of had a better life, but she thought hers were perfect. She had a way about her that could let her hide the truth from everyone including herself.
In the end, I think that it was a good play because there was much action and alot of details were given to help envision the setting. The characters were great and the story line was interesting.

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March 1, 2005

My Thoughts for the Mid-Semester

I have read Bernice Bobs Her Hair quite a few times and I still continue to think that it is a great story. I had posted information about that BBHH that I thought was contributed to the story and I gave my opinion on the type of character that I thought Bernice was. I also picked "A Jury of her Peers" because, like BBHH, I read this story many times and I have my opion about why Martha and Mrs. Peters behaved the way that they did. There is not much else to say about it because it no longer is new to me so I'm not as interested in it as other stories that we have read. I also am going to include "The Adding Machine" because I did not give a complete in-depth blog because I wrote a paper about this story so I felt all talked or written out!

I picked "The Great Gastby" for my In-depth article because this is the story I thought the most about. I looked at the circumstances and tried to change the story around in every way. I came up with my opinion and I am very happy with the way that the book ended. I alos am going to include "The Dynamo and The Virgin" because I did outside reasearch to understand this story. It was not to hard to find information on Henry Adams and the time period that this story takes place because I am enrolled in a class that is giving us a detailed description of some of the people mentioned in this story. I also am going to included "To Brooklyn Bridge" because it was impossible to translate it! I had to look into the buliding of machines and what gases they used and that helped give me a more detailed vision of what the poem was actually trying to say. I also am going to include "Never Again would Birds' Song be the Same" because I researched outside information to help me translate and understand Frost's poem.

I pick my blog entry titled "Daddy" to cover my Interaction requirement. Karissa and I had a deep discussion on what many of the words meant and how they came into relation with the poem. I think "Daddy" was an extremely difficult poem to understand and I am not quite sure if I am comfortable with the interpretation I came up with. If it was not from the help with my research and peers I would not of been able to even come close to an interpretation. I also am going to include "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock " because I think I contributed this interpretation that had a good discussion in class and I got comments on it!

After interpreting many of the poems I went on other people's blogs and started to read what they had to say. First off, I liked Tiffany's interpretation of "World Trade Center" and "To Brooklyn Bridge." We different interpretations but I think both were great and with the help of some of her opinions I understood the poems better. The same thing happened with the interpretation of "Daddy." On Mary's blog she had a completely different version of what she thought happened in this poem and I thought it was brillant. I loved the fact that she gave me a different way to look at this poem.

For this section I would have to include some of thepoems that we just read. I had posted my thoughts and gave good examples of why I came up with the ideas that I did. I had all of the poems and my interpretations of what the poems meant to me posted several days before we had to discuss them. I want to include "In the old Age of the Soul" and "World Trade Center." I think that both of these poems are great and they have powerful unlying meanings. They both show us a side of people that they always do not show.

First off, I think Kayla's blog about "The Great Gatsby" was good to comment on because it was straight and to the point. She said exactly how she felt towards the book, so who can argu with that. She brought up a good point of rereading the material over again because it will help you see things that you haven't noticed before. I also liked what James had to say in relations to Machinal. He and I both had the same opinions about the mother and I wanted to assure him that he was not the only person that had hatred towards the mother when reading Machinal. I would also like to include Tiffany's blog to this section. I gave a long and thoughtful comment on her interpretation of "To Brooklyn Bridge" and "World Trade Center." I think she had good points even though they did nto agree with mine! I think everyone did a great job with there poem interpretations and I wish I had more time to comment but unfortunately we don't so...Good Job Everyone!

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Bernice Update!

Well, this is second time that I am reading, "Bernice Bobs Her Hair." I think it was a great story written by Fitzgerald and it teaches a great story. I feel that no matter how you are or where you come from you will always feel like you don't belong once in your life. I felt that this is the way Bernice felt and it was because of her cousin. It's a shame that people have to feel this way because no one is better then anyone-they just think that they are. This short story shows a great example of how people you surround yourself with, will play a part of who you are. bernice was a nice, shy person but once she stayed around with her cousin she became mean at the end. I am not saying that her cousin didn't mean it, but she def. acted in a way that I would of never thought she would.

This was a good story to read when we first got into college because it opens our eyes to alot of truth. Bernice should not of been so depended on her cousin and in the edn she learned that. Everyone will become their own person it just takes some people longer than others. by the end of the story I believe that Bernice acted just fine. yes, it was inapporpriate but it was worth it. She was tortured and ridiculed by her cousin and her cousins' friends. If anything, it helped Bernice, but it also opened her cousins' eyes and maybe she learned a lesson also- she was the one that needed it the most.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 12:08 PM | Comments (1)

Never Again Would The Birds' Song Be The Same

The first time reading, "Never Again Would Birds' Song Be The Same" I thought it was simply about nature and the woman's voice which made a perfect sounds with the birds' natural tune. But then I decided that can't be it because it would be too easy! I had looked up the poem and came up with an excerpt from Modern American Poetry

There are many opinions on how to interpret this poem but I liked best Matthew A. Fike's interpretation, which is in the book "The Explicator". I understood more of what the poem was about after reading this because he gave me the background of Frost's life. "The poet's treatment of Eve's influence on birds has been read both as an "elegy" to his wife Elinor, who died in 1938, and as a loving tribute to his friend Kay Morrison, to whom he proposed marriage and who became his secretary in the same year. " (Elegy means- The praise bestowed on a person or thing; panegyric; eulogy.) Fike thinks that the poem really this this poem is a "subtle meditation on the Fall, Frost complements affectionate portrayal with sadness—his love for Kay and his wife is tempered by feelings of failure and loss related to his marriage. By undercutting the joy of paradisal love and the sense that Eve's unfallen voice will never be completely lost, the poem conveys the lamentation to which all fallen love is heir."

I think this interpretation makes sense and exaplins why there is such a soft tone present in the poem. Later on he goes on saying, that this poem is "highly positive." Frost recited "Bird's Song" in her honor and there are many written notes that Frost wrote to praise his secretary/would-be-wife. I also like the last staement in his argument - "Whereas the Fall qualifies the sense that "Birds' Song" is a love poem for Kay Morrison, the sonnet form indicates the poet's attempt to forge order out of chaos—the fall out of happiness in his marriage but on a larger scale the Fall he shares with humanity. There sounds a further note of hope in "her voice upon their voices crossed." One critic's reading, that "’crossed’ raises the specter of conflict, as in a crossing of swords," bears out the negativity of the Fall. But "crossed" more aptly calls to mind the Cross, on which Christ undoes what Eve has done to birds and Adam and all of creation. "

Well after reading all of that I decided to re-read the poem and try and understand it myself and this is what I came up with : Frost was watching Kay in the garden signing to the birds' when he wrote this poem. He was desribing to us how delicate her voice was and how gracefule she was. She could only get teh attention of the birds' because she spoke so soft and delicate-they were the only ones who responded to her the best because thy really understood her. The voices joined together or "crossed" and how happy she was when she was in the garden signing to the birds. She made everyone happy when she was near them and that is why she came into his life.

I do not think that this poem had one sad line in it. I think it was happy and Frost was showing or writing his appreciation for Kay. He's very happy that she came into his life because she didn't come in with fury and cause a great disturbance she just kind of floated into his life - nice and quiet. She brought out something that in Frost that he thought he lost, but she was with him and made him want to live again.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 9:17 AM | Comments (5) | TrackBack (0)

February 28, 2005


When first looking at the title of this poem, "Daddy" I thought it was going to be a nice, sincere poem. I was definetly proved wrong. Ok for this poem it was very confusing, and I am still confused by it. There are some facts that are clear: The daughter hates her father. I believe that she killed him, but I do not know if everyone would agree with that, so for now it's just my opinion. There were many places mentioned ... Tyrol - Eastern Alps of Western Austria and Northern Italy, which was passed back and forth by Austria and Vienna. Dachau- A city of southeast Germany north-northwest of Munich. It was the site of a Nazi concentration camp built in 1935 and captured by the Allies in April 1945. Auschwitz- a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II. Belsen- A village of northern Germany north of Hanover. It was the site of a Nazi concentration camp during World War II. It also had to do alot of nationalities like Luftwaffe, which is a German airforce and Arayan- is a Non-Caucasian Jew. Thanks to Karissa- Meinkampf- was the name that Hitler titled his book while he was in jail before he became dictator - it means "My struggle". Also Karissa said Ich means I in German but when I looked it up at Dictionary.com I came up with a contagious disease of tropical marine and freshwater fishes, caused by a protozoan (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) and characterized by small white pustules on the skin and eyes. I can't decide which one I think relates to this poem more. Since it has some Anti-
Anti-Semitic influence in this poem I am assuming that this women does not like that she is somewhat talking and being mistaken as a Jew. It also has some reference to a black man so I don't know if that contributes soemthing to this poem.

Continue reading "Daddy"
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In the Old Age of the Soul

I translated this poem,"In the old Age of the Soul" and it seemed unbelieveably sad to me. I felt that it was abou an old man who fought in battles his whole life and now he no longer fights, but he has these recurring dreams and I think that he feels that he could be fighting but they just no longer will let him. I would think that many older soliders can relate to this poem ( if they translated it have the same meaning as me). I would like that maybe this man is experiencing nightmares and can not get images out of his head from when he used to be young and was able to battle. I think this poem was depressing and sad and I feel bad for the older man whose thoughts are having a huge tool on his life and the way he lives it.

I do not choose to dream; it just comes to me
Some strange desire for actions.
As to the cool hand of some old warrior
The sword-handle or the war-worn usual helmet
Brings the short-lived life and long-fled deceptiveness,
So to my soul grown old-
Grown old with many combats, many military raids,
Grown old with many comings and goings
Till they send him dreams and no more deed;
So does he burst again with force for action,
Forgetful of the group of elders,
Forgetful that who rule do not fight anymore,
Forgetful that such power no more cuts to him
So does he burst again toward brave doings

Posted by GinaBurgese at 10:18 PM | Comments (2) | TrackBack (0)

To Brooklyn Bridge

Ok so once I translated all of the words I didn't know (which were alot) I decided that "To Brooklyn Bridge" is about - the making of a building. I think that that they had to blow up the subway and they made the bridge over that part of the land or you can visibly see it from where the subway stands. Maybe something else will come to me and I'll get back to you... Wish me luck lol!!

How many beginnings are feared from his wavy or disturbed rest
The seagull's wings shall dip and move him,
Shedding white rings of riots or disturbences, building high
Over the chained bay waters Liberty--

Then, with a perfect curve, we saw with our eyes
As unusual as boats that cross
Images that would be covered by the final pieces of steel;
--Once they make elevators that will bring us down the floors in the buildings...

I think of cinemas and panoramic tricks
With multitudes bent toward some flashing scene ( I have no idea what that means)
Never uncovered, but hastened to again,
Told to other eyes who saw he same thing on the screen;

And Thee, across the harbor, silver-paced
As though the sun took step of thee, yet left
Some motion ever unspent in thy step,--
No doubt our freedom is staying here!

Out of some subway opening, cell or loft
A mentally ill person speeds to thy wall,
Staying there momently, loud noises arising
Laughter falls from the speechless travelers watching.

Down Wall, from a beam of steel into the street time passes
A rip-tooth of the sky's colorless gas explosion used on the buildings
All afternoon the cloud flown machines turn
Thy cables breathe the North Atlantic still.

And unseen as that heaven of Jews,
Thy reward... expression that they do honor
Of unacknowledgment time cannot raise:
Vibrant cancellations and forgiveness does show.
O talk and change, of the fury mixed together
Terrific achievement of the prophet's pledge
Prayer of the social outcast, and the lover's cry,--

Again the traffic lights that skim thy swift
Unfractioned idiom, pure sigh of stars
Design thy path -- condense eternity:
And we have seen night lifted in our arms.

Under the shadows by the piers I waited;
Only in darkness is the shadow clear
The City's fery packages all undone,
Already snow submerges an iron year...

O sleepless and the river under me,
Structure the sea, the flat land's dreaming is covered
To us the humble sometimes fall below, descend
And of the curveship lend a story to God.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 9:52 PM | Comments (3) | TrackBack (0)

World Trade Center

I am not a big fan of poetry, mostly because I never interpret it correctly ( I know there's no right interpretation, but mine is usually way off) but the poem "World Trade Center" caught my attention. This poem was unusual it had no hidden meaning and it's point was made right from the beginning. I do not know why this poem had such a strong effect on me, but it did.

This poem described more then just the two towers it showed pride that people in the United States had towards their country. No one likes when someone attacks what is ours and everyone wants to protect it. Like many of us, Lehman didn't realize how much he grow used to the building until something negative happened to them. He no longer was able to see what he disliked- he looked at the buildings in a different light.

I can not say that this poem completely hit home 1.) because I am not from New York and never really saw the buildings personally and 2.) because I did not have any immediate family that lost their lives when the towers were brought down for good. I think that this was a cool poem and it said alot even though it was only a few verses long.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 6:11 PM | TrackBack (0)

The Adding Machine

When reading, "The Adding Machine" I felt bad for Mr. Zero. He was unappreciated and tortured by his wife every time he stepped into the house. For my paper I wrote how much Zero and Loman from , "Death of a Salesman" were similar in their attitudes and actions.

I gave some examples in my paper of how the two characters were alike. Here is one example: They have both been working at the same job for years and years and feel underappreciated. Willy went into his boss’s office and was not surprised when Howard refused to give him a raise, so he had different plan. He tried to convince Howard to give him a raise by expressing his deep love for the job. “And when I saw that, I realized that selling was the greatest career a man could want. ’Cause what could be more satisfying than to be able to go, at the age of eighty-four, into twenty or thirty different cities, and pick up a phone, and be remembered and loved and helped by so many different people?” Zero, on the other hand, does not believe what he is hearing when his boss is explaining how he is going to be replaced by an adding machine. “Excuse me, but would you mind sayin’ that again?” “Wait a minute, boss. Let me get this right. You mean I’m canned?” Zero did not expect it and was devastated. Both characters feel that they worked the hardest they could and did not understand why they were being let go. Neither character was able to take the news and did not feel that they could go home being a failure.

I think this was a good way to relate two stories that I previous read. They both showed how your actions can lead to hoprrible consequences.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 1:57 PM | TrackBack (0)

February 23, 2005

What is Love?

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is interpreted in many different ways. I'm going to tell you my opinion. I truly think Eliot is apologizing to the lady he thinks he loves. I think that he cheated on her and felt bad about it. Throughout the poem he is asking questions and trying to give many indirect comments to hide his infidelity. He describes women in this poem - talks abpout their hair and arms. He talks about resting their heads on his pillows in cheap hotels. He asks, "Would it have been worth it, after all...It is impossible just what I mean!" In the poem he talks about skirts trailing along the floor and taking off a shawl and then he says, "This is not it at all, That is not what I meant at all." And at the end of the poem he is asking what he can do to make it better. He feels that he loves the women he hurts and all he wants is to have her back. He hears everyone talking and he doesn't know what to do. He knows that she is not going to understand him, so at the end they drown which I think is judt his way of saying the both she be dead if they are not with eachother.

Now I know my version of "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" is probably a little bit different then yours, but you should just read the poem again and see all the details that I pointed out, it may not convince you but I def. know it will make you think! I had a good time reading this poem and I hopeyou did too.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 11:10 AM | Comments (1)

February 22, 2005

Every Action has a Reaction

When reading, "The Dynamo and the Virgin" I couldn't help but notice the time period it was written in. This was a perfect time to assign this text because I am presently in a Western Cultures and Traditions class and it relates to this time period and occassionaly people are brought up that are included in the text. For example, we are reviewing what we know about Copernicus and Galileo, which are people that this story mentions.

I think this shows us how in-depth people look at science and the inventions that they create. If it weren't for people like Copernicus and Galileo or Columbus where would we be today? I think it was a good connections that they made between science and religion, because we do not see that often. The line that I think contributed most to this story was "The force of the Virgin was still felt at Lourdes, and seemed to be a potent as X-rays; but in America neither Venus nor Virgin ever had value as force00 at most as sentiment. No American had ever truly been afraid of either." That sums up the whole reading right there.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 5:54 PM | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

February 17, 2005

A Group of Decieving People

While reading, "The Great Gatsby” I had many feelings towards all of the main characters in the story. I honestly can't say that I think anyone was really themselves. Everyone adjusted their role according to who they were around or who they were talking to. If you look back it was very obvious within the first chapter - they all manipulated each other. The two women, Daisy and Jordan, were not able to make one decision on their own without asking questions or looking to one another for approval. No one was comfortable being themselves.

I think the main problem in this story was all the characters lacked the ability to communicate with one another. Daisy was only able to hold a conversation with someone when it was about an easy, light subject. When Jordan said, "Don't talk I want to hear what happens." It made me assume that she and Jordan did not have a very open friendship with one another if she had to eavesdrop on her "best friend." And what bothered me even more about Jordan was that she actually gossiped about Daisy and Tom to Nick. "You mean to say that you don't know? I thought everybody knew."

It seemed to me that Tom had some real issues in this story. Tom was definitely to people in this story also. He was a husband and a boyfriend to two different women. His actions show us that he was very untrusting and violent and had no respect for anyone. He actually had the nerve to be friends with George when he knew that he was involved with his wife. The only people that were present in Tom’s life were people that he knew he could control. He had full control of Daisy because he knew that she was aware that he was cheating and knew that she wasn’t going to leave him. He had full control over Wilson because Wilson needed his business. He had control over Myrtle, he would demand something and she would do it. “I want to see you. “Get on the next train.” He also had control over Nick. Nick said, “Though I was curious to see her, I had no desire to meet her-but I did. He literally forced me off the car.” Right now in the story everyone needed Tom. Daisy did not want a divorce and Myrtle wanted him as her boyfriend, Wilson depended on him for his business, and Nick had to be polite because it was Gatsby’s only way of getting in contact with Daisy.

The two main people that Nick manipulated were Jordan and Gatsby. At first he acted like he like Jordan but later on he came to admit he “wasn’t actually in love with her, he felt a sort of tender curiosity.” In the book he talks a lot about his thoughts, but never mentions it to the people it affects. He knew that Jordan was a liar and new that she only dated dumb guys who wouldn’t catch on to her tricks. I assume that is why she is dating Nick. She thinks he is dumb because he makes himself come across that way. They have this relationship that makes you think that they are somewhat together, but they aren’t. They did not have any true feelings; they did not trust one another. I think that they got together because they were going to be around each other and they decided it would be a good way to waste time. Nick’s relationship with Gatsby is very confusing, possibly the most confusing of them all. Nick knows when Gatsby is lying and never questions him. He just listens to Gatsby tell lie after lie. This is understandable, I guess, to a certain extent. The confusing part is that Nick is loyal to him. He likes Gatsby, he keeps him company and sticks up for him to people he hardly knows. When Gatsby is down he knows that Nick will always have something positive to say in response to help bring him back up. Nick cared bout how Gatsby felt. “You’re worth the whole damned bunch put together. I’ve always been glad I said that. It was the only compliment I ever gave him, because I disapproved of him from beginning to the end.” After Gatsby’s death Nick tries to do everything he can. He called, visited and wrote letters to people hoping that someone would attend the funeral. No one did and that is how Gatsby’s life ended.

Lastly, I’m going to talk about good old Gatsby. He had a way about him. People were constantly asking question about him and wondering where he came from. In the beginning I thought Gatsby had the life. He had money, parties with beautiful girls attending, and did exactly what he wanted. But unfortunately, I do not think that describes the life of Gatsby. I do not hate him- I pity him. He made his life what he thought everyone would like. He did not have a mind of his own. Clearly, he was just stuck in the past and could not get out of it. He lied from the beginning to the end. He lied to Daisy, Tom, and Nick. I don’t think he intentionally lied to hurt people. I think it just came naturally to him. Gatsby tried everything he could to get Daisy to leave Tom and be with him. It seems that would have made him content. Gatsby’s problems all began because his priorities were not in order. He put Daisy first and Daisy put him last. There was nothing good that came out of their relationship except for tragedy. Whether or not you like Gatsby doesn’t change that fact that he cared deeply about her and she turned his back on him. He saw something in her, obviously something that her husband did not. In the end, I don’t think that Gatsby’s death changed the story that much because he would have been dead either way. He finally lost Daisy forever and that was all it seemed that he was living for.

Posted by GinaBurgese at 4:11 PM | Comments (1)