PAJ Ch 4


Who exactly owns the media? In this chapter we learned bout who pays for journalism and who owns the media. “The American media system is a commercial one, which means that mass communication is conducted by and through businesses that are owned by individuals, families, or groups of people perhaps even millions of them (through stocks and mutual funds)” (Craft and Davis, p. 93). I found this really interesting because I always thought that big groups owned media. I never thought that families or individuals would be involved. Another way of ownership concentration of ownership, which is “dealing with a relatively small number of competitors” (Craft and Davis, p. 99). With any company there is always competition to have the best product. That is the same with media. Think of all the different news broadcasting stations there are they are all competing against one another to have the best broadcast.

Source: PAJ Ch 4


I found the National Press Photographers Association Code of Ethics very interesting and extremely helpful. Being a Communication major and going into the field of social media this will be very helpful. The passage I found interesting is: “Photographic and video images can reveal great truths, expose wrongdoing and neglect, inspire hope and understanding and connect people around the globe through the language of visual understanding” (Craft and Davis, p. 245). This quote reminds me of the saying a picture is worth a thousand words. Photos and video images can be a key aspect to an article or story people can be drawn by a single picture or video.

Another aspect of this code that I liked was number 4 under the code of ethic stating “Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Give special consideration to vulnerable subjects and compassion to victims of crime or tragedy. Intrude on private moments of grief only when the public has an overriding and justifiable need to see” (Craft and Davis, p. 246). I thought this part was extremely important to journalism because we are writing about an event that happened and most of the time it is a tragic event. We need to respect the victims and families involved at all times.

Overall I thought this code was very interesting and could be very helpful for my major as well as anyone who will be taking photos or videos of an event.

Source: NPPA CoE

PAH Ch 3

In PAH Ch 3 I noticed this passage: “It’s comforting to think that while digital media certainly have sped up the process of news gathering, increased opportunities for transparency and widened the possibilities as far as distributing news, those in the business of making news stress the purpose of journalism and, therefore, the fundamental principles underlying it, haven’t changed” (Craft and Davis, p. 69). I thought this was very interesting because there are a lot of people thinking that journalism is dying because of digital media. Personally I have always thought the use of digital media has helped journalism because you can get your news to more people who could possible be from far away. As a communication major we are told to have a specific target audience for some assignments. If you take the theory of target audiences and apply that to your writing you can get so much information out to so many different people through the use of digital media. The original principles of journalism will always apply if your writing for a news paper or an online paper.

Source: PAH Ch 3


I found the SAEW CoE section very interesting. The one quote that took out to me was Sources. It is states “Insure confidentiality of information during the reporting process, and make every effort to keep information from finding its way to those who might use it for gain before it is disseminated to the public” (Craft and Davis, p. 243). I thought this section was really helpful because we are currently conducting interviews and finding different sources that we will use in articles and editorials. I think it is very important to be completely truthful with your audience no matter what is happening. They will be willing to come back for more information if they know that you are truthful and reliable.

Source: SAEW CoE


In RTDNA CoE I noticed this passage: “Ethical decision-making should occur at every step of the journalistic process, including story selection, news gathering, production, presentation and delivery.” I thought this was interesting because you should select a story that will effect other people and not just a certain area. Everything should be truthful and ethical through the journalistic process. If it’s not ethical is it even worth writing about. Being ethical will determine if you are a responsible writer.

Source: RTDNA CoE

PAJ Ch 2

In PAJ Ch 2 I noticed this passage: “According to these definitions, “journalism” is an activity that involves collecting, writing, editing and publishing, and/or it is a certain kind of writing and/or an area of study.” I thought this passage was very interesting because there are so many different definitions of journalism. This definition pulls information from all the other definitions into one that makes sense and covers all areas.

Source: PAJ Ch 2

Portfolio 1

This blog post is an accumulation of some of my posts for Newswriting (EL 227). It is very common now that we create and post blogs for class assignments because the internet is full of knowledge. For this assignment we are told to break our blogs into six different categories: Depth, Riskiness, Discussion, Intertextuality, Timeliness, and Coverage.

Depth: My EoJ Chapter 1 was my longest and most in depth post. With this post I focused on one post but I used some of the outside knowledge that I have. I did at one time consider being a journalism major and people would say I would only be writing or working in broadcast which is where I drew that conclusion from. I thought the quote was very interesting because coming from a Communication major I know that journalism is using every single form of technology now. Many people probably don’t think that you need to be familiar with layouts because there probably a different person for that.

Another post that was pretty in depth was the Broadcast News Exercise. This post was lengthy because it broke down a 30 minute news broad cast into every segment that they talked about.

Riskiness: My What Is Newsworthy post was my riskiest post. This post is risky because it is about a very serious topic. This topic is surrounded by some hate throughout the world.

Journalism and the Invisible Observer was also risky for me because I never really wrote as a journalist before. We had to take the original passage and revise it.

Discussion: The only form of discussion that I had was to post on the original post. Also no one posted only my post either. I think we are still trying to get use to blogging and getting back into the swing of the semester.

Intertextuality: I would say that  EoJ Chapter 10 would relate to intertextuality. With this post I compared the quote to on of my other courses this semester.

News Story vs. English Essay would also be a good example of intertextuality because I have wrote many English essays in my life. I also used some knowledge that I had about News stories and english essays to come to a conclusion.

Timeliness: For these assignments I blogged about them in a timely manner. All my blog posts were up on the day that they were due.

Coverage: Majority of my EoJ posts were basic. There were a few that I got took the quote and ran with it. My post on the CRAFT of News Writing was also a great example of doing an assignment. There wasn’t anything special about this post.

Conclusion: During this semester so far I have grasp the blogging aspect. There are a few areas that I want to improve on including being more risky with my posts, discuss more of the topics with my classmates, and also add more depth to my posts. I think really taking a topic and running with it more will improve my blog posts so much. I have learned so much about journalism so far through this course. I am a big fan of the journalistic style. I find journalism very interesting and can also be complicated at times. I can’t wait to see what else we will learn about in this course.

Source: Portfolio 1

SPJ Code of Ethics

In SPJ Code of Ethics I noticed this passage: “Strive to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in public. Defend the rights of access for all journalists.” I found this whole section really interesting because it provided all the journalists standards that they are held accountable to uphold. One of the points was to not accept gifts which I thought was interesting because people sometimes give gifts to promote a certain story or situation. It also provided what journalists should do.

Source: SPJ Code of Ethics

PAJ Ch 1

In PAJ Chapter 1 I noticed this passage: “Freedom of the press is essential to political liberty. Where men cannot freely convey their thoughts to one another, no  freedom is secure. Where freedom of expression exists, the beginnings of a free society and a means for every extension of liberty are already present. Free expression is therefore unique among liberties: it promotes and protects all the rest.” I thought this passage was very interesting because Freedom is  the basis of America and we relay on free press to get all of our information. Without free press we will only hear the information that is provided to us and that is is. We wouldn’t have the power to be journalists or feel like we have freedom at all.

Source: PAJ Ch 1

EoJ Ch 11

In EoJ Chapter 11 the passage I noticed was, “Citizens, who shape news production by the choices they make, have rights when it comes to news, but they also have responsibilities – even more so as they become producers and editors themselves” (p. 291). I found this quote every interesting because there are news stories about people’s actions. Like journalists the citizens hold responsibilities once they are involved in the news. This is important to keep in mind that everyone is responsible for the news and their actions.

Source: EoJ Ch 11