“Part of what helps fake news thrive today is the public’s reliance on social media for their information.”
Fake news has been around forever but since social media is so powerful now it seems to be everywhere. Before fakes news would be ‘midnight flyers’ that were sent out by candidates and put on car windshield or under your door. Fake news has become more popular since the 2016 election because of President Donald Trump. Fake news to some people is just that don’t like it so they consider it fake news, that is not what fake news is. Fake news is simply that news that is not real. An example of fake news would be when candidates post commercial or displays about that competition and pretty much spreading rumors about on another.
To avoid fake news site be aware on the links that you are looking at on social media. Make sure that it is a reliable site then you won’t need to question if it is fake or real.
Source: Fake News Remains Top Industry Concern in 2017
In PAJ Ch. 8 it talked about the independence of journalism. The quote I found interesting was from Glenn Greenwald stating “All good journalism entails risk, by definition, because all good journalism makes someone powerful angry. It’s important to be rationally aware of those risks and take reasonable precautions, but not fixate on them or, under any circumstances, allow them to deter you in doing what you think should be done. Fearlessness can be its own form of power” (p.211). I think this was very interesting because even though the first amendment says we have the freedom of press there is still that risk involved. Journalist have independence but at the same time it can make someone upset and they can loose that independence.
Source: PAJ Ch 8
In PAJ Chapter 7 it talks about the foundations of Free expression. “The First Amendment, enshrined in the Bill of Rights, remains deceptively straightforward: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; of abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (p. 181). I really like how this chapter included the actual words of the First Amendment because even though we know what the First Amendment means we don’t know the actual words. In this section of the book it states “It’s also quite clear that the First Amendment is about telling the government what it can not do – “Congress shall make no law…” – rather than telling people what they can do” (p. 181). After reading the actual amendment I found it really interesting because we associate the First Amendment with what we can do as people but it’s actually stating what Congress does.
Source: PAJ Ch 7
In PAJ Ch. 6 W.D. Ross stated “There are several prima facie, or common sense, duties that – all other things being equal – you are obligated to act on” (p. 155). The section goes on to list the perfect duties and the imperfect duties. The perfect duties include: Fidelity, nonmaleficence, reparation, respect for person including oneself, and formal justice. While the imperfect duties include: Beneficence, gratitude, distributive justice, honesty, self-improvement. All of these perfect and imperfect duties are included in making ethical decisions. It is important to make ethical decisions as a writer because if you don’t believe in something how would you be able to tell the story to another person.
Source: PAJ Ch 6
In the first article I found it very detailed. I really like how they included the flight maps to see the distance and times of each of the flights. The dollar amounts in this article is actually crazy to think about. That money could be going towards so many other things rather than a private-jet flight.
In the second article I found it very informing that all the very important information is in the first few paragraphs. I was actually surprised how fast that Price resigned from his position. I thought this article was a great example of having the important information first then the rest of the details. This article reminded me of the Vegas Shooting article that we learned about in class which moved the important information to the first few paragraphs.
In the third article I really liked how they used links in the article. This article showed the dedication that a journalist will go through to get a story. Dan Diamond camped out at the airport to see what was going to happen. He even said that the rumors were coming in as early as May. Tom Price even didn’t make his schedule public so it made it harder for Diamond to re-create the schedule. I think this article really shows the dedication that a journalist will go through to get the story out and truthful.
Source: Investigative Journalism
Once again it is time to analyze my blog for Portfolio 2. In this post I will be analyzing death, riskiness, discussion, intertextuality, timeliness, and coverage. Since Portfolio 1 I have tried to improve my blogs by these topics. I have been trying to create blog posts that are detailed and well written on the chapters of the Principle of Journalism Book.
Depth: I enjoy photography so much which made this post my longest. I really liked learning the rules for photographers because that is very important for anyone who issuing photos in an article.
Who owns the media was also one of my more detailed posts. In this chapter I used two different quotes to talk about the chapter and explain it more about who owns the media. I also included that the knowledge was new to me. I found it very interesting in know who owns what in the media world.
Riskiness: This time around I didn’t really have any major risky posts but I would consider RTDNA CoE as semi risky. I thought this was risky because it is talking about ethical choices and that can be a touchy subject at times.
Discussion: Discussion has been one of my improvements in this portfolio compared to Portfolio 1. The best example of discussion on my blog would be PAJ Ch. 5. I respond to my classmate’s posts to keep the conversation going. Another example of discussion would be ASNE SoP. I have also went onto other classmate’s posts and made some comments as part of class discussion.
Intertextuality: Digital media is one subject I find extremely interesting because I am a communication major. I used the concept of target audience to direct our event or campaign to a specific audience.
Timeliness: For timeliness I have made sure that all my posts were online before class started for the day. I found it easier to post before class because then I would know what we are talking about that day in class.
Coverage: Throughout this semester we have read so many different definitions of journalism. I found this assignment to be very basic and simple and not a lot of details added. An aspect of this class is interviewing people for different articles and editorials. I found this section to be very helpful but I also didn’t add a lot of details
Conclusion: Now that it is half way through this semester I found the blogging assignment very easy to complete. I am still trying to grasp being very detailed in my posts. Most of my posts are short and to the point. I think I can really expand on my posts. My goal for my next portfolio is to expand my blog posts and make them longer.
Source: Portfolio 2
In chapter 5 it spoke about paywalls. I found this section very interesting because it is considered a new form of media. The definition of paywall is “the attempt by news businesses to charge readers and viewers for online content” (p. 126). I have never heard this term before I do think that it could be a good and bad operation. When magazines change to these paywalls they don’t allow traffic to the magazine’s site unless you pay. My theory is if I can’t get on a site I won’t sign up for anything I’ll just look for a different site with the same information. In the internet world it is so easy to find multiple sites which include the same information. The good choice for paywalls is the companies are probably saving money from not having a hard copy of the magazine or having less magazines on the shelf.
Source: PAJ Ch 5
The American Society of News Editors Statement of Principles is principles for journalists to follow. There are six principles including: Responsibility, Freedom of Press, Independence, Truth and Accuracy, Impartiality, and Fair Play. In the responsibility principle it states: “The primary purpose of gathering and distributing news and opinions is to serve the general welfare by informing the people and enabling them to make judgments on the issues of the time” (Craft and Davis, p. 247). This being said newspapermen and women that end up abusing this power will loose the trust of the people. The citizens are the primary audience of the news article. I find this to be a very important aspect of news writing because the audience is your key focus you want to report information that is helpful to them.
Source: ASNE SoP