Journalists don’t have to break legal laws to break ethical laws. That’s the biggest take-away from this chapter. Also, that there is a distinction between journalists and the mass media when it comes to both work and ethics.

These different ethical philosophies best summarize what journalists are meant to uphold when reporting:

Ethics of Duty

This is for the people who believe that “the end never justifies the means.” (467) There is no gray area, it’s always wrong to lie, ect. The news must be reported regardless of consequences.

Ethics of Final Ends or Consequences

This time around, the ends can justify the means. Things become relative and more gray, and right v wrong comes into question. To protect someone from harm is above all most important, even if it is difficult.

Ethics of Specific Acts

This sections gets the deepest on different types of situations, and reasonably so.

No Moral Absolutes – each situation is unique and requires its own code of ethics

Love of Neighbor – put people first in every ethical dilemma. Basically, utilitarianism

Ayn Rand’s Rational Self- Interest – also called ‘ethical egoism,’ can be very shocking and has little sensitivity to others


Source: NR

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