In NPPA CoE, I noticed this passage, “As visual journalists, we have the responsibility to document society and to preserve its history through images.” (Craft and Davis 245).

What an awesome quote. Photojournalism is just as important as reporting the news through writings. The writings give the initial quotes and information to a story but a picture can do more. A picture combined with the news writing can really give readers an insight or look at the event as it’s taking place. A picture can show emotion and this is something I feel photojournalism does a better job at than news writing. Without the press and the pictures we wouldn’t be able to see what it was like during such tragic events like hurricanes or tornados. A picture really does speak for itself in that aspect. Besides artifacts of the past and writings, what would we know without pictures documenting history?

Source: NPPA CoE


PAJ Ch 4

In PAJ Ch 4 the one section of the passage that really intrigued me was the dual-product model. Before reading about this and studying journalism I was an ordinary viewer. I was under the impression the media companies pay for everything. The dual-product model shows this is not the case.

In a media company owners spend money on their employees and resources they use such as computers, cameras, paper, etc. The owners do not have all the money. This came to mind when I went to sell ads for the Setonian for Media Lab. I learned that the Setonian just doesn’t run off of one money source. The money from advertisements helps pay for the services of the magazine. This is why it is important for media companies to sell ads to businesses. “Advertisers pay the lion’s share. And they do it because they need to get their message out to customers. They need your attention.” (Craft and Davis 107)

Source: PAJ Ch 4



In SAEW CoE, I noticed this passage, “Business journalists should take the lead in adapting professional standards to new forms of journalism as technologies emerged change.” (Craft and Davis 245)

In journalism I believe one of the most important outlets professionals should pay attention to is the technology. In our society, technology is always moving forward with improvements and different outlets. Journalists need to be aware of this to become more modernized with their viewers. If a big news company does their research and finds out most of their viewers are online, then this should be their main focus. The news company needs to make sure they keep the readers interested as well as publishing news to people who like the old-fashioned style of print.

Source: SAEW CoE


PAH Ch 3

In PAH 3 I noticed this passage, “…journalists must become the processors of news, and in that process they must take that news flood and organize it, synthesize it, digest it and make it engaging as well as informative.” (Craft and Davis 73).

Anyone can go online and see an abundant amount of information on any given topic, for the most part. For example, a twitter timeline might give the reader a lot of information but this is not journalism. Journalists may start with the information but this is where things get started. It is the job of a journalist to gather new information along with context, facts, and sources to inform an audience not persuade them.

In the passage, there was the story of Al-Jazeera. The journalists made it their job to make this a news story and gather information and facts to make into a story in an appropriate manner.

Source: PAH Ch 3


Portfolio 1

In portfolio 1, I will be analyzing my past blogs and evaluating them into the the proper categories, depth, riskiness, discussion, intertextuality, timeliness, and coverage, for which each one is suitable. I will demonstrate why each blog fit into the category it did. After placing each into its own category I will then analyze my work thus far.

Depth: My first blog post,Eoj Ch 1 I go into detail about how the news plays a role in the lives of everyday people. The post goes on to talk about how truth in journalism is important and it gives a voice to the people. I then emphasize how the truth connects people within a community. Thus shedding light on current topics that are relevant to those people in the world today. I think I could have definitely went into more depth about this subject, but this was the first in depth blog I post reflecting my idea a as a new journalism student.

Riskiness: One of my riskier blog post would have to be the first one. Word Press Setup. I I was diving into the Seton Hill blog site which was brand new to me. This to me was risky because I was diving into it not knowing exactly what I was doing. My post,Eoj Ch 10, was also risky. I talked about the ideas of bureaucratic inertia and the human behavior in the news room. I discussed the idea that there can be politics in the news room. For example, stating that if someone does not like you, you will not rise in your career. The inertia idea was also risky because I talked about an idea I had not heard of before. The idea of people falling in the same daily routines day in and day out.

Discussion: The blog post that I go into discussion about and is the most suitable would be, RTDNA COE. In this post I show my ability to quote the passage not once but twice and discuss my ideas on each of the topics of journalism, truth and errors. I think this post shows my skills as a writer to take a passage from the text and reflect upon them through my own thoughts and previous learning in the course.

Intertextuality: A suitable post for this would be, Media Awareness Exercise, I analyzed videos of media and what the reporter did right or wrong. The post reflects upon my learning from the news writing class material. I was able to identify and incorporate my own thoughts and examine what the reporter was doing and how it affects the media. Also, while examining these videos, I used my knowledge to discuss how the media forces all this information on us and we have to decide what is and isn’t newsworthy.

Timeliness: All of my post so far have been on time. Although I missed a few post, which is entirely on me. My posts, Eoj Ch 9, Eoj Ch 10, and EoJ Ch 11. These posts I posted a day later, but I think even though they were late I was still able to discuss the ideas and passages I read. For future blog posts I need to make sure I have the posts published early so I can reflect back on what I wrote and expand on it.

Coverage: My post, Broadcast News Exercise, is a good fit for the area of coverage. I was able to take thirty minutes out my evening to sit down and cover the news. Not only just covering the ideas of the news but covering every thirty seconds of the news program. This post showed my skills as a student journalist to cover something for the first time. This was difficult keeping up with the program because of the switching of shots between reporters and the all the material thrown at me. In my coverage expedition I was able to uncover that the only material that is newsworthy is only about twenty minutes worth. The rest of the coverage was either ads or commercials for car companies.


I think thus far, I have done a good, not great job. As I said before, I missed a post in the past. I think to change this, I can do the readings earlier than I have before and publish my post early as well. This way I can go back to analyze what I read and what I wrote, possibly even expanding on it with new readings. For future blog, I want to make sure I write more content so I am confident enough to share my post with other students such as this one. My main goal is to have my future blog post be an example of mini-news articles that I can continuously improve upon.


: Portfolio 1



“The facts should get in the way of a good story. Journalism requires more than merely reporting remarks, claims or comments. Journalism verifies, provides relevant context, tells the rest of the story and acknowledges the absence of important additional information” (Craft and Davis 239).

From studying journalism thus far it is apparent there is one code of ethics that is severely stressed over again and again. The “Truth and Accuracy Above All.” In journalism, the truth is the most important aspect. Without the truth behind a story, would there really be any story? Truth and accuracy are what the people need and want to know. As a journalism it a person’s obligation to get the story to the public.

“Ethical journalism requires owning errors, correcting them promptly and giving corrections as much prominence as the error itself had.” (Craft and Davis 241).

As we discussed in class. It is important in the professional field of journalism that the reporter who writes the story, catches their errors before the article is submitted. At times, editors will not check every story that is submitted due to deadline pressure. Therefore, it is the job of a journalist to accept and acknowledge their own errors to improve upon and also learn from.

Source: RTDNA CoE


PAJ Ch 2

In PAJ Ch 2 I noticed this passage, “Nothing should come between a journalist and the truth or between a journalist and the citizens for whom she works” (Craft and Davis 50). Through reading up to chapter 2 in Principles of American Journalism, it interesting to see how all these elements of journalism come into play. A perfect example of the previous is from the Rolling Stone magazine article, “A Rape on Campus”. Erdely wanted to put a human face on the issue and she would eventually find the story of Jackie. The journalist, Erdely, got so caught up with Jackie’s story and her experience of the situation that the reporter forgot to double check her sources. Thinking the story was too good not to edit. She let the one side of the story run her article coming between the reporter and the truth to create a product of journalism that does not qualify as truth. Any rape case on a campus would of course cause a stir of feelings and thoughts within the community. Erdely lack of fact checking let the people down who were given misguided information.

Source: PAJ Ch 2


SPJ Code of Ethics

In SPJ Code of Ethics, the passage covers various main points a journalist should cover. The main ideas or ethics in this passage, are the rules everyday journalists need to follow to properly write, obtain information from sources, and serve the people. “Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear,” (Craft and Davis 236). This quote is from the passage that follows under the guidelines of, Seek Truth and Report It. The people need their voices to be heard. Sometimes the right voice is what the story needs to speak out. Either speaking out to a topic or someone who is higher in power. It is the main job of journalist to reach these people and give them a voice so their story gets out.

This Source: SPJ Code of Ethics


PAJ Ch 1

In PAJ Ch 1 I noticed this passage, “…the press’ key allegiance is to the public, the citizens of a society, not necessarily to those who wield power.” (Craft and Davis 24). The idea that journalists work for the people and not for the authoritative power who pays them is a key idea in the news realm. The journalists do not write for a paycheck, some might, but they write and investigate to inform the citizens of society. As we read in Elements of Journalism, there were journalists who stood up to the higher power and gave the people what they wanted to read. The press base their stories from society, not because some one above told them to. Society holds just as an important allegiance to the press as the press does to soceity.

Source: PAJ Ch 1


EoJ Ch 11

In Eoj Ch 11 I noticed this passage, “The community brings diversity of viewpoints, subject expertise, and real-life experience to the news that journalists alone cannot match” (Kovach and Rosenstiel 290). For me this quote stood out in this chapter. If it were not for citizens, the news may not exist at all. Citizens are reliable to their quotes and descriptions of certain situations and ideas. These elements are just a part of a new story that journalist assemble. Citizens are as much responsible to news as journalists are. A community can have various standpoints and ideas toward a topic that make a story worth reading. The journalist just write the story where as the citizens are a part of the news stories.

Source: EoJ Ch 11