PAJ Ch 8

In PAJ Ch 8, I noticed this passage, “But even with that independence, many of these journalists face enormous personal risks in getting the story out.”

This passage brought to light the ethical responsibility a journalist has and the power these journalists have as well. The journalists, Gibson, MacAskill, Greenwald, and Poitras are people who used this power to their advantage. Snowden felt that it was his duty as an American citizen to tell the people what information he found out behind close doors. Therefore he turned to journalist he could trust with the information. He leaked information to the journalist mentioned above. This is the objective method of journalism. Snowden was the verification these journalists needed to put out stories on the information. Even thought these journalists and Snowden felt it was necessary to inform people from what he had learned they still had the responsibility to face the risks. These journalists made it their job to take the risks and face the consequences of being arrested by authorities and stopped at airports. The passage does a fine job describing that the job of journalist is to inform people but they must be aware of the risks involved.

Source: PAJ Ch 8


“Of course, fake news isn’t a new problem for the media.”

I found a sense of enlightening while reading this article. Fake news is something that the everyday people need to be aware of. This article states that most fake news comes across from our social media. Articles and stories people share with the public from on their news feeds. In the article, the writer stated, “Human beings are likely to be uncritical of things that are consistent with their ideology, we now have a means of transmitting content to other people who agree with us just by clicking the ‘send’ button.” After reading this section of the article, I must admit I have done this before. Confirmation bias has led me stray and thinking an article someone shared with me was real news. I can remember a while back, several people on my twitter feed shared fake articles expressing the death of actor, John Goodman. I can remember feeling very shocked but I did my research and found the article was fake. Therefore, people need to be aware of what comes across their news feeds and pay more attention to the real news.

Source: Fake News Remains Top Industry Concern in 2017


Portfolio 2

The time has come for Portfolio 2. I feel I have greatly improved upon my blog posts since the previous portfolio. I have read all the chapters and have been commenting on my peers’ posts. My posts this time were more in depth and incorporated my own interpretation of what I have learned about journalism thus far. My timelessness could have been better of course with getting the blog posts done on the day they were assigned, but they were still completed. My strongest areas this portfolio is intertexuality and discussion.


My blog post, PAJ Ch 6 is appropriate for this area; depth. I chose to bring up the idea of the Vegas shooting which I stated, was extremely relevant. The chapter talked about the obligation of a journalist to gather information and get that information to people so they can make their own judgements about the topic. The downside is that journalist may hurt people in the process. This is where I went into depth on this post to show what areas journalists must be cautious with.

Another post, PAJ Ch 2, would also be suitable.This post I went into detail about what happened with the “Rolling Stone” article about a rape on a college campus. I went on in depth how one journalist got so caught up with one person’s story she forgot to fact check and released a false story.


One of my most recent risky post was, PAJ Ch 6. This post I demonstrated how risky the profession of a journalist is by stating that their job is to inform people but also how this way of informing people can also harm them. This was also risky because I tied it into the recent tragic in Las Vegas.

Another post I was a little risky on was, PAJ Ch 5. This post I talked about hyper local news. Instead of just giving a brief preview of the topic within the chapter I went a step further. I decided to be risky and incorporate my own knowledge of hyperlocal as an example. This was risky because I wasn’t sure if it was the best example but the example is what I interpreted hyper-local news as.


A blog post for discussion that is suitable would be, NPPA COE. This post I really liked. In class and I discussed that there all multiple sides to every story. I commented on a few peers’ post stating why I agreed that a picture can help make a news story. Also why photojournalism is important to show multiple sides (angles) of the story to express emotion.

Another post that is appropriate for discussion is, PAJ Ch 4. This post we discussed together in the classroom. I brought and discussed the topic that ads are a way news companies get money to fund their resources. I also discussed in class how various social media companies use ads as well.


For intertextuality one post of mine  would be, ASNE SoP. In this post I went over and stated that most of the code of ethics in the “Principles of American Journalism” are repeated. I also noted the idea that since they are repeated, they obviously must go together and play an important part in a journalist’s career.

Another post suitable is, RTDNA CoE. This post I talked again how the code of ethics is severely stressed. The one main ethic is I see brought up over and over again is truth and accuracy. This is something I have learned is extremely important as a journalism student. I also talked about the importance of pointing out your own errors because in the real world, you will not always have editors to check your work as we discussed in class.


A post that fits into timeliness is ASNE SOP. My timeliness for these post was a bit late for when I completed it. Even though I posted it a little later than usual I was still able to take the time to read through the ethics and understand the content to form a blog post. My other post have been done on time and early with some.


A post for coverage would be SAEW COE. This post was not one I covered very well. I could have covered the idea of technology a lot more in detail. I did choose a quote and explain why but, as stated previously, I could have wrote more content. Another post suitable would RTDNA CoE. This post I think went over better than the blog stated before. I stated two quotes and covered each ethic and incorporated them with what I have learned thus far in journalism.


Portfolio 2 is done. I think I did better this time around. For example, I used two blog posts for every category. This is something I did not do well last time. I believe my timeliness still is a work in progress. I have this time completed all posts but two were just late this time. As far as coverage goes, I had one post I could have went more in detail with. Thus far, I have done pretty good adding more content. For future blog posts, I think starting even earlier would give me the better opportunity to go more in detail and loo back to previous posts and incorporate what I have learned.

Source: Portfolio 2


PAJ Ch 6

In PAJ Ch 6 I noticed this passage, “Journalists working on high-profile stories like the Isla Vista rampage, especially when those stories attract international attention and scores of journalists come to the scene, are caught between informing the public about an event and potentially harming those involved in the event.” (Craft and Davis 150)

This particular section of the book just happens to be relevant to world events today. The fact of the matter is when do journalist cross the line? The line between informing the public and causing harm to those the news story covers. As a journalist it is there job to inform people about tragic events such as the Las Vegas shooting. The people on the outside of the situation are eager for details and content of what happened. This is why journalist cover such events. These journalists also have to understand that they could cause harm to people who were involved. They have to watch what they decide to put out on the news whether it be a detail about a particular person, video of a tragic event, or self-disclosure of a victim. These are all things journalists must be aware of, but in the end, without journalists, how else would we get this information? This is why journalists must always be aware of what they report and who it effects.

Source: PAJ Ch 6



The journalists’ code of ethics in “Principles of American Journalism” seem to have repetition and a specific set of codes. In each section the ethics seem to be repeatedly over and over. Obviously, the codes must be of importance. One of the ethics I found interesting in this section was. “Article1—Responsibility”. The core idea of this code is to gather and distribute news that informs people of current world or local topics. Not only is it important to share these topics with readers but to also show ALL sides of every story. This serves the purpose to avoid bias and give people a chance to make their own judgement with ALL sides considered.

Source: ASNE SoP


PAJ Ch 5

In PAJ Ch 5, I noticed this passage, “journalism online is witnessing a return to the small-town, local news flavor that many veterans remember as the origin of their career in the news business.” (Craft and Davis 129)

The hyper local news can be good for people who do not want to hear about the bigger news pertaining to the whole world. Hyper local news supports these peoples’ desires by making their content specific to a certain area both online and in print. This makes me think of the post-gazette fisherman’s magazine. The magazine is targeted fort the waters that flow in and out of the greater Pittsburgh areas. It only gives information on the local areas and what is best to use where. The local people want to know about their area not the fish or whatever the subject may be across the country.

Source: PAJ Ch 5