In Borges, “The Garden of Forking Paths” is obvious that this short story is very confusing upon the first read. The second time reading through I had begun to realize that there were multiple scenarios going on. The idea of having multiple outcomes in multiple universes is an idea readers can either love or hate. People turn page after page of a book to find out what is going to happen next to their so beloved protagonist. If the author creates seemless-ly ending possibilities this may confuse readers or even frustrate them. On the other hand, having multiple outcomes to the same situation should be looked upon as a thrilling experience. The style choice of having multiple outcomes gives the reader endless possibilities that takes them further than just one outcome. This idea is arguably very confusing and this reminds me that readers should take the time and embrace stories without skimming them to find their own multiple outcomes.

Source: Borges, “The Garden of Forking Paths”


“The Library of Babel” reminded me of the reading, “The Name of the Rose” by Eco. Through the reading I found several similarities to the novel we have just previously read. One major similarity that is obvious throughout is the fact that books are sacred text and must be protected.

“All men felt themselves the possessors of an intact and secret treasure.” (Babel p. 115).

The books in the story of Babel and the boos in, “The Name of the Rose” are arguably very related. The books in both stories seem to give people a motive or purpose in their lives. Just as in Eco’s novel, the books were protected by the monks and was their whole reason for being and living at the abbey.

“if the language of the philosophers is not sufficient, then the multiform Library must surely have produced the extraordinary language that is require, together with the words and grammar of that language.” (Babel p. 115).

Another similarity that is obvious from the story of Babel is how the philosopher’s words might have been different from that of ancient text. This is true in, “The Name of the Rose”. The philosopher altered the books and that is why Jorge wanted to destroy what the abbey stood for because the books they were producing were the words of god.

Source: Borges “The Library of Babel”


Participation Portfolio 2

Since creating my first portfolio for Media and Culture, I have felt good about my posts. The blogs I have posted this time around have been more of a reflection of how the readings have compared with my experiences and knowledge pertaining to my major.


My final post for Eco would be the most suitable for depth. Where as I didn’t post a blog that was lengthy but the post went into the depth comparing two ideas and tying them together to get a better sense of why the murders happened at the abbey. My post of the type setting from the DK book is also depth worthy. I went into detail about how the typesetting worked in the period it was made and how all the parts come together for printing.


My post that demonstrated my ability to use a typewriter simulation was one of the more riskier blog posts I have done. For myself, this was risky, posting about something that is totally brand new to me, I think this was effective in showing my skill to elaborate on something I have never done before.

Another post that was risky was my synthesis post on canvas. This was challenging because I interpreted how all three works of Eco, Calvino, and Simonds reflect on a larger non-obvious idea. I think my thesis and how words serve purpose is successfully done by the examples I put.


A post that fits discussion is my post on Calvino. In class, we talked about the book and I think my post demonstrates the shared ideas of what the class talked about, such as how the reader is being narrated by another speaker.

The final post of eco also brought discussion among my peers. After looking at comments on this blog from peers, I came to the conclusion others had the same mindset that Jorge might have been innocent at first.


One post that fits this category well would be the post on type face from Simmonds. For this post I incorporated quotes that compare typefaces in the real world and how they affect what we see. My post on ink from Simmonds works for this category as well as I compared how this section on ink has affected the way in which we use the material today.


For this category, all of my post have been on time. Although I missed some and have to go back to do the rest of the Calvino post I failed to complete over spring break. One post that fits into this category is the type writer simulation post.  I was pressed for time as I typed this out but I persevered through the time crunch and got it in on time.


The post on the DK book fits perfectly for this. I covered all aspects of a typesetting and went into detail about all of the working parts. Although, the post is not that long, I think the description of each piece of the typesetting sums up my ability for coverage.

The post of paper from Simmonds, I think was covered successfully. I took a quote and was able to compare it to today’s society to cover both the section of the novel and how it relates to paper and technology today.



Overall, I think the post I have linked have done a better job for meeting the requirements of each individual category. In the past, my post have made sense for each category but this time around I feel I have met up with some of my goals for the blog posts. I have met the goal of successfully incorporating my blogs into the categories that which they fit in an appropriate manner. I think from here on, there is only room for improvement.


Source: Participation Portfolio 2


Screenshot of my typewriter simulation during class.

Learning to use a type writer with the simulation we were given in class, http://uniqcode.com/typewriter/, I have to say it was very frustrating. It is easy to see why that in older books that there are letters printed a top one another and misspelled words. When using a type writer, or a type writer simulation, the letters do not pick up as fast as you can type. Therefore, you have to really slow down or change the overall way you type so that the words you are typing out come out correctly.

The one thing I really had trouble with while typing out my response to the medieval helpdesk video segment was the fact I noticed I was running out of ink. Just like the man in the video we watched, he didn’t read the manual. Well, I just so happened to skim the instructions where it tells you about the ribbon ink bar at the top right of the page that allows you to refill your ink as you type out your characters.

From this experience, I would also like to point out the fact that I am grateful to have grown up in a generation that is mainly technology based. Even though the simulation was not the real thing, I could only imagine the stress and anxiety that was brought upon writers who have not yet been introduced to the use of a keyboard on a computer.


DK Book

A section of the DK Book, I examined was the section of Typesetting on page 38 and 39. This section to me, was a perfect fit to read and look over after reading the sections, Type and Press, from Gutenberg’s Fingerprint. This section shows you the aspect of setting up type face for a printing press. It was interesting to look how you compose type for printing. For example, you have to choose the correct type you will print and put them in alphabetical order backwards so they print the right way when you are finished. The process would then move on to where the typeface is raised from the composing stick and onto a gallery which would then be filled with metal pieces. Eventually the gallery is set in an iron frame and then ready for the ink. It was cool to read how in medieval times, water-based ink was not right for printing so the the developers made an oily ink that gave it a darker-black color.

Source: DK Book


Simonds: Press

Reading this section, the book has yet again made the same impression on myself again. The printing press is something I have only seen in movies and few videos such as the musical the, Newsies. Reading through also taught me the printing press is a very delicate piece of equipment . The printing press reminds of a working clock. All pieces have to fit together in ordinance to work successfully. This section taught me that, for a printing press to work you need all the different pieces that make it work. Pieces such as the right ink, right type face, and paper.

It was also fascinating to read about Hugh’s experiences with presses and how he was able to get his hands on one. Hugh and the printing press in this book to me seemed like a hobby for him. He got an old printed press and restored it such as people do with items from the past.

Source: Simonds: Press


Simonds: Type

So far, reading through the book, this was my favorite section so far. Whenever I write in a word document, I have never really looked at all of the typefaces. After reading this section, “Type”,  I now have a better understanding that the words you produce on a blank document could stand out even more by the shape of the letters.

“A name will attract me first, but it’s the shape of the letters I’m interested in.” (page 86)

This quote really stood out to me because I think type face does matter. Especially, working for a student newspaper, I realize that not only the title grabs the readers’ eyes but so does the shape of the letters. I am so used to using, Times New Roman, for the past several years but type face is something I think can appeal to everyone.

Also, in this section I liked how the book talked about the different type faces and what they have been used for over the years. My knowledge about different type faces is very slim so this was intriguing to read.

“Comic Sans isn’t the only typeface to rouse strong public opinion. When the movie Avatar was released, fans were appalled at the Papyrus typeface James Cameron chose for the subtitles that ran through the film.” (page 88)

Source: Simonds: Type


Simonds: Ink

This section of the book was again for me exciting. The evolution of ink has come a long way from the past to where it is today. I found this part interesting because it made me think of the pen Dr. Sasmor gave me which I used to write my manuscript. Ink came from the quill pen and eventually on the numerous shelves of stores where you can buy pens already filled with ink for a few bucks. For me, this is crazy to think about.

“I have a metric weigh scale in which I can measure to the one-hundredth of a gram. If the formula calls for six parts green and twelve parts white, I estimate how much ink I’ll need for a print run and then scoop out with a knife a weight of thirty grams of green and then add sixty grams of white, making a total of ninety grams.”

Also, in this section on page 173, I found it interested how Hugh describes the process of weighing out ink for his paradise project. The process to me seems like it might take some time to learn what amounts of color you need to come up with the right mixture.

Source: Simonds: Ink


Simonds: Paper

Whenever I have read a book in the past I have never really thought about the process in which the paper that holds the words I am reading is made. This section for me was exciting mainly for the fact I never new about this information before. With our society today, it seems like paper is dying off due to all the new technological advances we have year in and year out.

On page 59, I found this quote, “Paper and pixels both are tools, substrates, display technologies: how well they work for us depends on how we use them.”

This quote here reminds me of the fact that paper can still be crucial for our learning development as human beings. Paper enables us to read through material and slow down with our writing for a more proper way of memorization. Technology is the same, we need to learn how to use both tools together to be more well-rounded individuals.

Source: Simonds: Paper