Participation Portfolio 1

This is the first portfolio assignment of the 2019 fall semester in SEL 160: Newswriting at Seton Hill University. The portfolio consists of six categories, depth, riskiness, intertextuality, timeliness, discussion, and coverage, that mark each appropriate place to my blog posts. Each blog post consists of my own reflections as an editor/student journalist along with parallels from the course textbooks.


The first post I would dedicate to the portfolio is my post on “interview tips”. For this blog post, I feel I went into great detail about the best tips I have used from each of the three sources in that post. I then went on to discuss the importance of each as well. Another post I feel is depth-worthy is my post on “Eoj Ch 2”. The chapter two blog post goes into detail about the accuracy and how it plays a role in journalism. I chose this category because I feel I explained it in full.


The one post where I feel I pushed my blog more than usual is my post on “Eoj Ch 2”. For this post, I talked about the importance of catching mistakes in your reporting because a more accurate news story helps for better objectivity all around. I bring up this post because, I admitted I have made mistakes in the past and for this reason, this post was risky. Another post where I feel I was risky was my first post on “Eoj Ch 1”. I feel this post was risky because I brought up the fact people with a social media account think they are practicing journalism. It was risky because I didn’t call out any specific individuals but rather people who contribute to this situation.



One post where I made a connection with one or more source would be my comment on Lauren’s blog. In the comment I made a connection with what Lauren said about the government and journalism and also what the reading had to say. I made the connection based upon what I have learned in journalism and that is news is ever changing and people can make up their own minds about what is true and what is not.


A post where I left another comment was on Dennis Jerz’ web blog page on conflicts on interest. On his page I left a comment that I think should start a discussion. Simply, the comment stated I have had experiences in the past with conflicts of interest and students who want to write for their own teams or clubs. I think this is always a good discussion to have with new student journalists.

Another post that I think should is discussion worthy is my blog post on “Eoj Ch 1”. For this post I talk about what makes a journalist a journalist and by what means can they practice writing journalism. I think this is a good discussion to have with people who may not know what the ethics or role of journalists are.


One post where I was early happened to be my post on “TV news analysis”. For this post, I was required to watch and document on a half hour of live news coverage. I do not watch the news nor have I enjoyed it in the past so I think the fact I did this on time with that mindset makes this fit into the timeliness category.


One post that did not fit into any other category was my post on the “Rosenthal Rule”. This particular post wasn’t late or done extremely early. I believe I put effort into what I said and reflected upon real experiences but I could have went into much more depth or related it to another source I have read or encountered.


Overall, I am proud of my efforts thus far with my blog post for the 2019 fall semester in news writing. There was not a post I have missed such as others I have in prior courses. I would like to have more than one post per category but we have only encountered a handful of blog posts so far. The areas I could improve upon is intertextuality and discussion. While being at Seton Hill, I have learned it is important to not only reflect upon what you know but also different sources and perspectives as well to spark discussion in the class room.



Source: Participation Portfolio 1


EoJ Ch2

In EoJ Chapter 2 I noticed this passage, “‘journalistic truth’ means more than mere accuracy. It is a sorting-out process that takes place between the initial story and the interaction among the public, newsmakers, and journalists,” (Kovach & Rosenstiel, 55).

I have been a student journalist at Seton Hill University for three years. Just until recently, it has hit me that the importance of accuracy in a news story is very severe and crucial to the public. As Editor in Chief I have missed a few editing errors which reflect my own accuracy as a journalist. I have learned you must report accurately before the public can form an opinion based on all the facts in your news story. If you have one hundred percent accuracy, then at this point in journalism, people will form an opinion. An opinion that is based upon what they know already, the facts presented, and any other outside influence. Therefore, I think as a student journalist, it is important to note that we must be our own individuals and provide our own opinions uninfluenced by outside sources to agree or disagree with the facts that are presented to us.

Source: EoJ Ch2


From the three sources on the Interviewing: Introduction to a Crucial Skill for Journalists, I have found major similarities to the method I have used when conducting my interviews here at Seton Hill as a student journalist. The first source, ‘How to Conduct a Journalistic Interview’, the author states how the interview should come naturally and that you shouldn’t read your questions one after another. During my experiences as a student journalist, I have this to be my best tip. Interviews should not have to be these scary tasks but rather something that is going to benefit your news article/story later on.  Often times I found that I had more questions to ask based upon what the interviewee has said. The second source, ‘Columbia Journalism Review’ talks about knowing your subject ahead of time. I have recently told students in the SEL 160 : Newswriting course at Seton Hill that you have to do your research before the interview. During interviews I have conducted at Seton Hill, there were times I did not know the person and I had to do background research on that person so that I could come up with questions. These questions would then determine the length of the conversation and article depending on the quotes I have used. The last source, ‘Kate Couric on how to conduct a good interview’, highlights one of the most important steps during the interview process. At 01:47 in the video, Kate comments on the fact that during an interview you must not ask yes and no questions. I could not agree more. As a student journalist or any kind of journalist for the matter, you want to ask questions that pertain to the subject at hand. Therefore, asking questions that lead to a follow up are good questions to ask. Also, knowing what angle you want to take with the article is a good plan too.

Source: Interviewing: Introduction to a Crucial Skill for Journalists


TV News Analysis

TV News Analysis: CBS Evening News, Channel 2 KDKA 7:00 p.m. (9/2/2019)

00:30 Video comes on about hurricanes going on in Florida with voice over from reporter.

01:00 More video with voice over from female reporter and glimpse of more news stories to be covered

01:30 Reporter comes on live reporting from Florida

02:00 Reporter still on talking about damage while at beach

02:30 Side by side videos of radar, live report, and footage of hurricane dorian

03:00 Video of people evacuating with video next to it of live radar

03:30 video of radar with voice over and winds coming in

04:00 video recreation of winds affecting the sea level

04:30 Different videos shores the winds, rain, and waves coming from hurricane

05:00 Videos shown by eye-witnesses who got caught in attics during the hurricane

05:30 Governor Ron Desantis talking while more videos shown of the hurricane and victims

06:00 Reporting talking with family at home who are taking precautions

06:30 Mother of family talking about keeping an eye on storm

07:00 Reporting talking about deadly fire on scuba-diving boat

07:30 Audio of the mayday call from the accident of the boat fire

08:00 Video of firefighter talking about the accident and what victims could have done

08:30 side by side video of reporters going back to reports of the hurricane

09:00 New reporter warns of people staying at homes at their own risk

09:30 Video of elderly people being evacuated from their homes in Florida

10:00 Interview of one of the people in the homes and why they need help leaving

10:30 Video going back to reporter from the beach in Florida

11:00 New reporter showing boarded up businesses

11:30 Side by side video of police directing traffic and the hurricane radar

12:00 back to reporter at beach with winds picking up

12:30 Video changes to reporter at news station reporting in front of green screen with radar of hurricane

13:00 Video of reporting at beach talking about Texas shooting and photos of their victims appear on screen

13:30 Videos of witnesses during the mass shooting

14:00 Slideshow of pictures of the suspect of the mass shooting

14:30Map of Texas that shows the trail of the suspect and cops going through traffic during the events

15:00 More photos of the victims with reporter talking about the incident

15:30 Reporting talking in front of the suspects home and talking about the investigation

16:00 Changes to commercial of health care and home advisor

16:30  Commerical for sea-bond teeth care

17:00 Epclusa commercial for cure rates of hepatitis B

17:30 epclusa commercial continues

18:00 Changes back to news station about bariatric surgery

18:30 video of weight-loss benefits revealed with witness

19:00 Statistics shown on screen about people who have had and have not had bariatric surgery

19:30 Video of Doctor talking about the surgery and the benefits to helping weight-loss

20:00   Changes to commercial about aleve.pm and then commercial about publishers cleaning house with Steve Harvey

20:30   New commercial about type 2 diabetes, farxiga commercial

21:00 Same commercial on farxiga

21:30 commercial changes to ad about BP and clean energy

22:00 new commercial about Highmark and AHN

22:30  back to news channel and the protest in Hong Kong with video people getting sprayed by water hoses

23:00 Reporting still at beach now talking about deportation guidelines

23:30 Video about what is up next and what people can do to help victims, blue cross blu shield commercial

24:00 New commercial about IBM

24:30 Changes to commercial about controllex for men

25:00 Carvana commercial

25:30 New commercial about salonpas patches, changes to tremfya commercial

26:00 Changes to new commercial about Capital One banking and saving rates

26:30 New commercial about prevagen then changes to commercial about ADT security

27:00 Quickly changes to KDKA.com ad about sharing new stories

27:30 Changes back to reporter at Beach talking about South Florida and Miami and donations made

28:00 Video of word slide show of items asked to be donated

28:30 Video of people cooking at shelters then video of chef talking about feeding people who are hungry and dealing with damage from the storms

29:00 Back to voice over from reporting with picture of a storm and ending the show

29:30 Changes to commercial about Late show with Stephen Colbert

30:00 Changes to TMZ Extra and videos of celebrities



Source: TV News Analysis


In The Elements of Journalism, Ch1, I noticed this passage, “What is required from the news media-one that is now more a network of professionals and citizens together-is that they provide this more complex and dynamic public what it needs to sort out the truth for itself over time.” (Kovach & Rosenstiel, pg. 40).

The above quote reminds me of something Dr. Jerz commented on in SEL 160: Newswriting. Anyone with a blog or social media site thinks they can be a journalist by publishing their opinion to their social media site(s) or blog. Over the last three years, I have come to terms that this is not true what so ever. To be a journalist, there are definitely requirements to be taken accounted for. For someone to be a journalist, the most obvious requirement is that they belong to some kind of publication. Myself, I am apart of and am acting editor in chief for the Setonian student newspaper. Also, a journalist reports on an event strictly through facts and opinions of witnesses who were at the event or could share intel on the provided topic. A person with a social media account or blog isn’t working for a publication but rather they just simply post or write about the topic from their own standpoint. These people are not conducting ethical journalism but rather exercising their first amendment right.

Source: The Elements of Journalism, Ch 1


In Conflict of Interest and the “Rosenthal Rule” in Journalism, I noticed this passage, “Should a reporter with small children in daycare be assigned to a story about a new scientific study on the effects of daycare and child development.” (Jerz, Conflict of Interest). From the knowledge I have learned working on the Setonian student magazine at Seton Hill University, conflict of interest can be a tricky thing to deal with. For example, the quote above, I think it would be perfectly fine for the reporter to cover a story like this. Dr. Jerz talked about the invisible observer in class. This reporter would have to keep all emotions aside and cover the story with perspectives from other parents that share different view points. From my own experiences, I have had students who want to cover their own club or sports team. Looking at it from a student standpoint, this is completely understandable. Now, being editor in chief of the Setonian, I took this as a chance to share my journalism knowledge and explain to the students that we avoid conflicts of interest to avoid bias in news articles.

Source: Conflict of Interest and the “Rosenthal Rule” in Journalism