This marks the third portfolio of the semester. For the third portfolio, there is not very many blog post to put into categories. Therefore, the following portfolio reflects how well I have done meeting all of the required categories with far less post than usual. One area I feel that has stood out for this third portfolio would be the area of riskiness. I feel the post I have selected really meet the criteria of what it means to take a risk within my own blog posts.


One post where I feel went into the most depth and detail is my blog post on my experience with the Greensburg Tribune Review. For this post I went into detail about my experience working at the tribune review for election night on November 5, 2019. I went into detail about what I saw and reflected on my experience.

Another post where I feel I went into depth was my blog post on Eoj Ch9. For this blog post I talked about how in chapter nine the authors talk about the use of engaging with the public and finding the most engaging articles on their websites. I went into detail about how I used the metrics of the Setonian’s website to generate more traffic when I was online editor.


One post where I feel I took a risk was the post on yes, Virginia. This post was related to an old “letter to the editor” and the response the editor gave. Instead of focusing on the content of what the editor replied with. I instead focused on the lesson that could be learned in journalism by the actions of the editor in regard to the letter he had received. I feel this was risky because I could have easily focused on the content of what the editor replied with.

Another post where I feel I took a risk is my blog post on Eoj chapter 10. For this post, I briefly stated how the authors talk about what kind of responsibility the citizens have with journalism. I took a risk and related this content to the Setonian. I talked about how if the SHU community would want a website of higher quality they have to understand that the editors just can’t make it happen. This is a process I don’t know very much about but I decided I know enough to take a risk and talk about it.


None of my blog post really connect to an outside source except for the canvas post about the UVA incident. The article talks about an incident of a rape on campus. The article was then discredited. I feel this was the closest to connecting to an outside source. By talking with classmates about a real article that was published I feel we got a sense of what could happen on the wrong side of journalism.

Also I would say my game would count for this category. My game is to teach students about the ethics in journalism and the practice of verification. I feel it connected students with a source outside of the class material to learn more about journalism. Since the game is my own creation, I am putting it in this category.


One post that sparked discussion is my canvas post regarding the article about a rape on the UVA campus. For this post, I talked about the article which was later discredited and how I saw flaws in the alleged news story. I pointed out that there were little to no other sources quoted in the article and there was a heavy flow of attention around the victim of the article. This then sparked discussion with my class mates.

The next one is not a post I made but another instance where something I made sparked discussion, is my game on the ethics of journalism. In SEL 160: News Writing, the students got to try out my game I created for an independent study at Seton Hill in 2018. The game was designed to teach students the ethics of journalism and verification. The game then prompted students to discuss what they had learned.


A post where I feel was not late or early was my own post on my experience at the Tribune Review. For this post I simply talked and reflected on my experience working at a professional publication for election night. This post was timely because I have posted within a week of when I had this opportunity on November 5, 2019.

Another post that best fits this category is my post on yes,virginia. This post fits into timeliness because it was very early unlike the other post for this portfolio. This blog post talks about the lesson of engaging with your readers based on a response from Francis Church, an editor, in regards to a letter to the editor he received from a little girl.


For this category, the posts that fit this best would be my post on EOJ chapters Nine, Ten, and Eleven. These post definitely fit into other categories but I feel I did my best to cover what was talked about in the book chapters and relate it back to my own experiences as a student journalist and reporter at Seton Hill University.


Overall, for the third portfolio, I feel this is definitely not as strong as my second portfolio. Due to the less amount of blog post, I must admit it was difficult to meet every category. Also, I feel with far less blog post than usual that I was able to get at least two post per category which is pretty good considering there were only four blog post this time around. I tried to incorporate my own projects and class discussions to have a more detailed portfolio. It would have been easy for me to put all five of the blog post in every category but then I would not be showing my true strengths. Therefore, that is why there is only two post per category.



Yes, Virginia

In a response to the letter by the eight-year-old, the editor, Francis Church, engaged with the reader in a way that should shed light on journalism. Church responded to a little girl, that asked whether or not Santa Claus was real in a letter to the editor. Church then responded to her publicly stating that she should believe in Santa Claus. It isn’t what Church said exactly that should shed light on journalism but rather the importance of him responding to her. It could have been very easy for the editor to ignore the child’s letter and think it was cute and move on to the next news piece. Instead, Church publicly responded in way that should show people, journalists care about what their readers think. This should be a lesson for both parties; the press and the people. A lesson that reporters and citizens need to understand each other. Reporters should listen to the citizens and the citizens should not be too quick to judge the journalists.

Source: Yes, Virginia


EoJ Ch11

In Eoj Chapter 11 I noticed this passage, “We should expect to see evidence that the material has been prepared for our use above all. This means stories should answer our needs as citizens and not.. interests of players and political or economic system. It also means that there is a demonstrated effort by journalists to understand the whole community.” (Kovach & Rosenstiel, 293).

The quote referenced above is taken from the section on, the citizen’s bill of rights and responsibilities, in the course textbook. From my experience reporting at a college campus for a the university’s student publication is as follows. I understand it is my duty as a student journalist to be as objective and accurate as possible so that the news I report on can be in the hands of the Seton Hill community. From there it is up to the citizens of Seton Hill to decide whether or not what side of the news story to follow. Not all new stories have two sides, right or wrong but some most definitely do. Therefore, as editor in chief, I try to publish articles that would resonate with all members of the community. Instead of just focusing on the most groundbreaking events that happen, I try to publish stories that would interest a larger number of people on campus.

Source: EoJ Ch11


EoJ Ch10

In Eoj Chapter 10 I noticed this passage, “The final component in the equation is how the members of the community, the citizens, become part of the process. What responsibilities they have?.” (Kovach & RosenStiel, 285).

With journalism and the public, I feel there is a battle that is constantly going on. Not all content everyone reads or the news provides will reflect any or all persons’ ideas or beliefs. I feel there is a slight disconnect between quality control and the consumers of news. Consumers of news as the authors put it, “Always want the best quality content.” This is true but to some extent, the public must realize the role costs within a publication.

Take the Setonian for example. If students would want a higher-quality website, the editors just can’t make it happen. It all comes down to budget and costs. Dr. Jerz ,the advisor just recently enabled google ads for the website which would generate a few more cents here and there and allows us to gain more for our budget. Upgrading websites to produce higher quality content comes at a cost. It is at this cost, I feel the public has a disconnect with journalists because they might not understand this part in the process. That is why I feel, it is important whenever I get the chance to teach another student about the functions of journalism because this connection should be stronger and more understood.

Source: EoJ Ch10


Nov. 5, 2019 I had the opportunity to work at the Tribune Review in Greensburg, Pa. for election night. Through this opportunity I worked as the election-data intern. In this position my job was to look over the election results from Armstrong, Butler, and Fayette County. The polls closed at approximately 8 p.m. so there was a little bit of waiting around that time. Once the election results came in, I would go on the websites of each of the three counties and get the results. The results for specific candidates would then go into a Word Access program. Overall, the experience well worth it.

During my time there I learned that a professional news publication uses the same tools that the Setonian Student magazine uses. As editor-in-chief of the Setonian, I was delighted to talk with a long-term editor of the Trip about Word Press and Indesign. The Setonian uses Word Press for online and InDesign for the print layout which the Trib. also uses both of these programs for.

Also, during my time at the Tribune Review I got to experience a professional newsroom. It was exactly as I had imagined. Desks pulled together with people loudly typing to meet deadlines with various shouts back and forth about sports, elections, and other miscellaneous tasks. I was even taken on a tour to see the old mail room and saw the old printing press. This is where the papers would be printed and then distributed into stacks for delivery across Westmoreland County where this Tribune Review is located.

All in all, I got to experience professional journalism. Even though my time with the Trib. was short I got a glimpse into the real world of journalism and what it is like compared to working on a collegiate publication.


EoJ Ch9

In Eoj Ch9 I noticed this passage, “There are two major problems with metrics that hinder publishers from using these data to accurately assess their work.” (Kovach & Rosenstiel, 251).

Chapter nine dealt a lot about how news organizations keep their legacies by sometimes thriving on the petty news on celebrities. Another section fed off of this to go on to state online publications are successful because they can judge their content based off of metrics.

From June 2017-May 2018, I was online editor of the Setonian student magazine. As part of this process, on WordPress the engine we run to produce our print news to a web edition, I was able to track the number of views and page visits per day, week and month.

I must say after doing this for about a year on a collegiate publication, the most beneficial factor to this was that I was able to narrow down the time, the website would generate the most traffic and the Setonian would reach a bigger audience.

Looking at it from a professional stand point, I see this information to be useless mainly because if a web page that has the naked celebrity getting the most visits, then the news publication won’t get a sense of what “real” news is generating more traffic.

Source: EoJ Ch9